Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon


Sclerocactus johnsonii
JOHNSON'S BEE-HIVE CACTUS


Higher Taxonomy
Family: CactaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: CACTUS FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree, generally fleshy. Stem: cylindric to spheric, or flat; surface smooth, tubercled, or ribbed (grooved); nodal areoles bearing flowers. Leaf: generally 0 or early-deciduous, flat to +- cylindric. Spines: areoles generally with central, radial spines, occasionally with glochids. Flower: generally 1 per areole, bisexual [unisexual], sessile, radial [bilateral]; perianth parts generally many [5], scale-like to petal-like; stamens many; ovary inferior [superior], style 1, stigma lobes generally several [many]. Fruit: dry to fleshy or juicy, indehiscent to variously dehiscent, spiny, scaly, or naked; tubercled or smooth. Seed: generally many, occasionally 0--few.
Genera In Family: +- 125 genera, +- 1800 species: America (especially deserts), Africa; many cultivated, some edible. Note: Spines smaller, fewer (0) in shade forms; yellow spines blacken in age. Introduced species increasingly escape cultivation. Hybridization common in some genera. Taxa of Escobaria in TJM (1993) moved to Coryphantha.
eFlora Treatment Author: Bruce D. Parfitt, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce D. Parfitt, Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SclerocactusView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: PINEAPPLE CACTUS
Habit: Erect or ascending, branches generally 0. Stem: 5--20 cm, 2--12 cm diam, ovoid to cylindric, not segmented, firm; ribs 8--21, prominent; tubercles distinct along ribs. Spines: [2]10--24 per areole, 0.3--2.1 mm diam, needle-like or awl-shaped, straight to curved or hooked; central spines 1--11 per areole. Flower: +- terminal, from upper edge of spine cluster, 25--75 mm diam; perianth +- green-yellow to magenta; ovary glabrous, spineless, scales sparse, rounded, ciliate at least near tip. Fruit: dehiscent by 2--4 short longitudinal slits, cylindric to +- spheric, spines 0. Seed: 2--3.7 mm, reniform, tubercled, glossy or shiny, black.
Species In Genus: +- 25 species: southwestern United States, Mexico. Etymology: (Greek: hard or cruel cactus)
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Mark Porter & Edward F. Anderson
Sclerocactus johnsonii (Parry ex Engelm.) N.P. Taylor
NATIVE
Stem: 10--25 cm, ovoid to cylindric; ribs 17--21. Spines: yellow or pink to +- red; central spines 3--4 cm; radial 9--10 per areole. Flower: +- green-yellow, or pink to magenta. Fruit: 7--15 mm, 3--5 mm diam; scales widely cordate, ciliate. Chromosomes: 2n=22.
Ecology: Granitic slopes and plains, creosote-bush scrub; Elevation: 500--1200 m. Bioregional Distribution: n DMoj (Inyo Co.); Distribution Outside California: to southwestern Utah, northwestern Arizona. Flowering Time: Apr--May
Synonyms: Echinomastus johnsonii (Parry ex Engelm.) E.M. Baxter
Unabridged Synonyms: Echinocactus johnsonii Parry ex Engelm.; Neolloydia johnsonii (Parry ex Engelm.) L.D. Benson
Jepson eFlora Author: J. Mark Porter & Edward F. Anderson
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Sclerocactus
Next taxon: Sclerocactus polyancistrus

Name Search

Botanical illustration including Sclerocactus johnsonii

botanical illustration including Sclerocactus johnsonii

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: J. Mark Porter & Edward F. Anderson 2012, Sclerocactus johnsonii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=43803, accessed on August 26, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 26, 2019.

Sclerocactus johnsonii
click for enlargement
© 2014 Dana York
Sclerocactus johnsonii
click for enlargement
© 2010 Neal Kramer
Sclerocactus johnsonii
click for enlargement
© 2014 Dana York
Sclerocactus johnsonii
click for enlargement
© 1992 Gary A. Monroe
Sclerocactus johnsonii
click for enlargement
© 2010 Neal Kramer
Sclerocactus johnsonii
click for enlargement
© 2010 Neal Kramer

More photos of Sclerocactus johnsonii in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Sclerocactus johnsonii:
n DMoj (Inyo Co.)
MAP CONTROLS
1. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
3. Filling of Jepson subdivision polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
4. Moving the cursor over any numbered cluster will show the range boundary of the included specimens (with a blue polygon).
5. Marker clustering can be turned off by clicking this link:      Marker Clustering OFF
WARNING: Turning this off might cause maps with large numbers of specimens to load slowly.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

View elevation by latitude chart


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
MAP LEGEND
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS


CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.