Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Schinus polygamus
CHILEAN PEPPER TREE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AnacardiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SUMAC or CASHEW FAMILY
Habit: Shrub, tree; generally dioecious or flowers bisexual and unisexual; resin clear, often weathering black, generally aromatic, latex milky or 0. Leaf: simple to ternate- or odd-pinnate-compound, alternate, deciduous or evergreen; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle; flowers generally many. Flower: generally unisexual, radial; sepals generally 5, base generally +- fused; petals 5, generally > sepals, free; (perianth parts 1--7 in Pistacia); stamens 4--7 or 10, vestigial in pistillate flowers; ovary superior, vestigial or 0 in staminate flowers, subtended by +- lobed, disk-like nectary, chamber generally 1, ovule generally 1, styles 1--3. Fruit: drupe-like, generally +- flat, sticky or not, hairs short or 0; pulp +- resinous, aromatic or not.
Genera In Family: 70+ genera, +- 850 species: tropics, warm temperate; some ornamental (Rhus, Schinus), cultivated for fruit (Anacardium, cashew; Mangifera, mango; Pistacia, pistachio). Toxicity: TOXIC: many genera produce contact dermatitis.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SchinusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Tree, branches ending in thorn or not; dioecious. Leaf: simple or compound; leaflets 5--20, +- leathery, +- resinous, entire to toothed. Inflorescence: panicle, axillary or terminal, open to +- dense; pedicels short. Flower: sepals, petals +- white to +- yellow; stamens 10, 2 whorls of 5, vestigial in pistillate flowers; styles 3, fused at base. Fruit: drupe, spheric, leathery, shiny, generally pink to red; pulp resinous to oily, aromatic.
Species In Genus: +- 25 species: tropics, warm temperate South America. Etymology: (Greek: ancient name)

Schinus polygamus (Cav.) Cabrera
NATURALIZED
Habit: Plant < 5 m. Leaf: simple, blade 1.5--3 cm, 0.5--2 cm wide, oblong to oblanceolate, entire to wavy. Inflorescence: pedicel 2--5 mm in fruit. Flower: 4--5 mm. Fruit: 5 mm diam. Chromosomes: 2n=28.
Ecology: Abandoned fields, slopes, scrub; Elevation: < 1000 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo, PR; Distribution Outside California: weed in southeastern United States, native to South America. Flowering Time: May--Sep
Unabridged Note: Invasive weed in disturbed places, naturalized in native scrub.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken
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Previous taxon: Schinus molle
Next taxon: Schinus terebinthifolius

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Citation for this treatment: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken 2016. Schinus polygamus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=43506, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 04, 2016.


Schinus polygamus
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Rice
Schinus polygamus
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Rice
Schinus polygamus
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Rice
Schinus polygamus
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Rice
Schinus polygamus
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Rice

More photos of Schinus polygamus in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Schinus polygamus:
SCo, PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.