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Vascular Plants of California
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Sanicula tuberosa


Higher Taxonomy
Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: CARROT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb [shrub, tree], generally from taproot. Stem: generally +- scapose, generally ribbed, hollow. Leaf: basal and generally cauline, generally alternate; stipules generally 0; petiole base generally sheathing stem; blade generally much dissected, occasionally compound. Inflorescence: umbel or head, simple or compound, generally peduncled; bracts present in involucres or 0; bractlets generally present in "involucels". Flower: many, small, generally bisexual (or some staminate), generally radial (or outer bilateral); calyx 0 or lobes 5, small; petals 5, free, generally ovate or spoon-shaped, generally incurved at tips, generally +- ephemeral; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-chambered, generally with a +- conic, persistent projection or platform at tip subtending 2 free styles. Fruit: 2 dry, 1-seeded halves (= mericarps), separating from each other but generally +- persistent to central axis; ribs on halves 5, 2 marginal, 3 to back; oil tubes 1--several per interval between ribs.
Genera In Family: 300 genera, 3000 species: +- worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for food or spice (e.g., Carum, caraway; Daucus; Petroselinum); Bupleurum lancifolium Hornem. is historical garden weed; some toxic (e.g., Conium). Note: Mature fruit generally critical in identification, shape given in outline. Hydrocotyle moved to Araliaceae, Orogenia moved to Lomatium, Sphenosciadium moved to Angelica. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W. Hill is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: SaniculaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Biennial, perennial herb, rhizomed or tap- or tuberous-rooted, glabrous or minutely scabrous. Stem: generally spreading to erect. Leaf: blade oblong-ovate to obovate, entire to ternately, palmately, or pinnately lobed, dissected, or compound. Inflorescence: heads simple, in cymes or racemes, dense, of bisexual and staminate (staminate only) flowers; bracts entire or lobed, < to > heads; bisexual flowers pedicelled or not, staminate generally long-pedicelled. Flower: calyx lobes prominent, persistent, occasionally fused; petals wide, yellow, purple, or +- white (pale red-orange), tips narrowed, generally lobed; styles long or short; ovary tip projection 0. Fruit: oblong-ovate to round, +- compressed side-to-side; fruit-halves +- cylindric, prickly to scaly or tubercled; ribs 0; oil tubes evident or obscure, regularly or irregularly arranged; fruit central axis not obvious. Seed: face flat or grooved.
Species In Genus: +- 40 species: temperate, +- worldwide. Etymology: (Latin: to heal)
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax
Reference: [Bell 1954 Univ Calif Publ Bot 27:133--230]
Sanicula tuberosa Torr.
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 5--80 cm, slender; tuber 5--15 mm wide, spheric. Leaf: compound, ternate then 1--2-pinnate, green, glaucous, or +- purple; blade 2--13 cm, triangular to ovate, leaflets entire to deeply pinnately lobed. Inflorescence: peduncles 0.5--8.5 cm; bracts fused, 6--10, 1--3 mm, < heads, oblong to lanceolate; pedicel of bisexual flower 0, of staminate 2--7 mm, generally >> fruit. Flower: bisexual 3--5, staminate 4--10; calyx lobes fused proximal to middle, 0.3--0.5 mm, ovate, acute; corolla yellow; styles +- 3 × calyx lobes. Fruit: 1.5--2 mm, ovate to +- round, with rounded, unarmed tubercles. Seed: face flat. Chromosomes: 2n=16.
Ecology: Open gravelly meadows, chaparral, woodland, pine forest; Elevation: 30--2700 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, SN, ScV (Sutter Buttes), SnFrB, SCoR, TR, PR; Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: Mar--Jul Note: Variable.
Jepson eFlora Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax
Reference: [Bell 1954 Univ Calif Publ Bot 27:133--230]
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax 2012, Sanicula tuberosa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=43190, accessed on December 15, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 15, 2019.

Sanicula tuberosa
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© 2013 Steve Matson
Sanicula tuberosa
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© 2015 Aaron Schusteff
Sanicula tuberosa
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© 2015 Aaron Schusteff
Sanicula tuberosa
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© 2008 George W. Hartwell
Sanicula tuberosa
click for enlargement
© 2015 Aaron Schusteff
Sanicula tuberosa
click for enlargement
© 2013 Steve Matson

More photos of Sanicula tuberosa in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Sanicula tuberosa:
NW, CaR, SN, ScV (Sutter Buttes), SnFrB, SCoR, TR, PR
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.