Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Samolus parviflorus
SEASIDE BROOKWEED

Higher Taxonomy
Family: TheophrastaceaeView Description 

Common Name: THEOPHRASTA FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb [shrub, tree], [generally glandular-hairy]. Leaf: simple, alternate but generally clustered at stem tips, petioled, stipules 0, margins entire [spiny-toothed]. Inflorescence: generally terminal, [rarely flowers 1 in axils]. Flower: bisexual [unisexual, plants dioecious], radial, parts generally in 5s, generally with glandular dots, lines, or pits; sepals free or united at base; corolla united at base, lobes spreading; stamens epipetalous, opposite corolla lobes, anthers forming cone as flower opens, then spreading; staminodes 5, alternate stamens, epipetalous, scale-, petal-, or stamen-like; ovary partly inferior, 1-chambered, placenta free-central or basal, style 1, stigma head-like. Fruit: capsule [generally dry berry or drupe]. Seed: 1--many, generally yellow to orange-red.
Genera In Family: 7--9 genera, +- 100 species: generally tropical America. Note: Incl in Primulaceae in TJM (1993).
Unabridged Note: Incl in Primulaceae in TJM (1993). The partially inferior ovary as well as aspects of staminode anatomy are unusual for Primulaceae. Recent research (Källersjö et al. 2000 Amer J Bot 87:1325--1341) has shown that Samolus is a sister-taxon to Theophrastaceae, providing evidence for its removal from Primulaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Anita F. Cholewa
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SamolusView Description 

Habit: Erect, glabrous. Leaf: cauline or basal and cauline, alternate. Inflorescence: raceme, terminal and axillary. Flower: corolla > calyx, white. Fruit: spheric, valves 5, opposite calyx lobes.
Species In Genus: +- 10 species: +- worldwide. Etymology: (Celtic: from curative properties)

Samolus parviflorus Raf.
NATIVE
Stem: 1.5--4 dm. Leaf: 2--5 cm; blade lance-oblong to obovate, generally tapered to winged petiole, tip obtuse to rounded. Inflorescence: pedicels ascending to spreading, 1--2 cm, with 1 bractlet +- near middle. Flower: calyx 1--2 mm, lobes triangular; corolla +- 1.5 mm across. Fruit: +- 2.5 mm wide. Chromosomes: 2n=26.
Ecology: Moist sites; Elevation: generally < 1300 m. Bioregional Distribution: GV, CW, SCo, n ChI, WTR, SnBr, PR; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, eastern North America, South America. Flowering Time: Spring--summer Note: Samolus ebracteatus Kunth (leaves crowded near stem bases; bractlets, staminodes 0), from Baja California and Clark Co., Nevada, expected in extreme southeastern California.
Synonyms: Samolus floribundus Kunth; Samolus valerandi L. subsp. parviflorus (Raf.) Hultén
eFlora Treatment Author: Anita F. Cholewa
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botanical illustration including Samolus parviflorus

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Citation for this treatment: Anita F. Cholewa 2016. Samolus parviflorus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=43144, accessed on February 06, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 06, 2016.


Samolus parviflorus
click for enlargement
© 2006 Michael Charters
Samolus parviflorus
click for enlargement
© 2006 Michael Charters
Samolus parviflorus
click for enlargement
© 2006 Michael Charters
Samolus parviflorus
click for enlargement
© 2006 Michael Charters
Samolus parviflorus
click for enlargement
© 2006 Michael Charters

More photos of Samolus parviflorus in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Samolus parviflorus:
GV, CW, SCo, n ChI, WTR, SnBr, PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.