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Vascular Plants of California
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Salvia sonomensis


Higher Taxonomy
Family: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: MINT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub [tree, vine], glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic. Stem: generally erect, generally 4-angled. Leaf: generally simple to deeply lobed, generally opposite, generally gland-dotted. Inflorescence: generally cymes, generally many in dense axillary clusters surrounding stem, generally separated by evident internodes or collectively crowded, spike- or panicle-like, occasionally head-like or raceme, subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1--2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, +- flat to hood-like, occasionally 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, epipetalous, generally exserted, paired, pairs generally unequal, occasionally 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, generally arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2. Fruit: generally 4 nutlets, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth.
Genera In Family: +- 230 genera, 7200 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula, lavender; Mentha, mint; Rosmarinus, rosemary; Thymus, thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in California Cedronella, Leonotis, Monarda, Phlomis). Note: Moluccella laevis L., shell flower, historical waif in California. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele subsp. ascendens (Jordan) Briq. reported as alien but not naturalized. Salazaria moved to Scutellaria; California Hyptis moved to Condea, California Satureja moved to Clinopodium.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dieter H. Wilken & Margriet Wetherwax, family description, key to genera, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: SalviaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Annual to shrub. Leaf: entire to lobed or toothed, generally not spine-tipped. Inflorescence: clusters generally many-flowered, generally head-like, generally +- spheric, generally involucred, generally surrounding nodes in generally +- spike-like, generally interrupted panicles, or flowers 1--several per leaf axil. Flower: calyx generally 2-lipped, upper lip entire or of 3 generally shallow, occasionally spine-tipped lobes, lower lip generally of 2 generally spine-tipped lobes; corolla 2-lipped, upper lip 2-lobed to entire, lower lip with 3 spreading lobes, middle lobe generally expanded; fertile stamens 2, attached in throat, anther sacs 1--2 per stamen, if 2 then separate on thread-like structure with 1 fertile, > other; style forked at tip.
Species In Genus: +- 900 species: +- worldwide, especially tropics, subtropical America. Etymology: (Latin: to save, from medicinal use) Note: Polyphyletic (taxonomic revision needed); California natives in monophyletic sect. Audibertia. All species good bee fodder; seeds edible, a traditional food of native Californians. Historical waifs, Salvia microphylla Kunth last collected in California in 1943, Salvia verbenacea L. in 1936.
eFlora Treatment Author: Deborah Engle Averett
Reference: Walker & Sytsma 2007 Ann Bot 100:375--391
Salvia sonomensis Greene
NATIVE
Habit: Subshrub, prostrate, mat-forming. Stem: < 4 dm. Leaf: generally 3--6 cm, 5--15 mm wide; blade lance-elliptic to obovate, puckered, adaxially minutely hairy, abaxially white, densely recurved-hairy; teeth minute, rounded. Inflorescence: scapose; clusters 1--1.5 cm wide; bracts < 1 cm, lanceolate. Flower: calyx 5--10 mm, upper lip lobes 3, minute, not spine-tipped; corolla tube 5--15 mm, blue to lilac or purple, upper lip 2-lobed, 1--3 mm, lower lip 3--7 mm; stamens, style exserted. Fruit: 2.5 mm, oblong, brown. Chromosomes: 2n=30.
Ecology: Locally common. Chaparral, oak woodland, yellow-pine forest, dry slopes; Elevation: < 2000 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoR, CaRF, n&c SNF, s SnFrB, SCoR, SCo. Flowering Time: Mar--Jul
Jepson eFlora Author: Deborah Engle Averett
Reference: Walker & Sytsma 2007 Ann Bot 100:375--391
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Previous taxon: Salvia pachyphylla
Next taxon: Salvia spathacea

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Botanical illustration including Salvia sonomensis

botanical illustration including Salvia sonomensis

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Citation for this treatment: Deborah Engle Averett 2012, Salvia sonomensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=43097, accessed on September 23, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on September 23, 2019.

Salvia sonomensis
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© 2003 Christopher L. Christie
Salvia sonomensis
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© 2009 Barry Breckling
Salvia sonomensis
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© 2005 George W. Hartwell
Salvia sonomensis
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© 2005 George W. Hartwell
Salvia sonomensis
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© 2006 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Salvia sonomensis
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© 2005 George W. Hartwell

More photos of Salvia sonomensis in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Salvia sonomensis:
KR, NCoR, CaRF, n&c SNF, s SnFrB, SCoR, SCo.
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map of distribution 1
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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.