Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Salvia apiana
WHITE SAGE


Higher Taxonomy
Family: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: MINT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub [tree, vine], glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic. Stem: generally erect, generally 4-angled. Leaf: generally simple to deeply lobed, generally opposite, generally gland-dotted. Inflorescence: generally cymes, generally many in dense axillary clusters surrounding stem, generally separated by evident internodes or collectively crowded, spike- or panicle-like, occasionally head-like or raceme, subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1--2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, +- flat to hood-like, occasionally 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, epipetalous, generally exserted, paired, pairs generally unequal, occasionally 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, generally arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2. Fruit: generally 4 nutlets, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth.
Genera In Family: +- 230 genera, 7200 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula, lavender; Mentha, mint; Rosmarinus, rosemary; Thymus, thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in California Cedronella, Leonotis, Monarda, Phlomis). Note: Moluccella laevis L., shell flower, historical waif in California. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele subsp. ascendens (Jordan) Briq. reported as alien but not naturalized. Salazaria moved to Scutellaria; California Hyptis moved to Condea, California Satureja moved to Clinopodium.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dieter H. Wilken & Margriet Wetherwax, family description, key to genera, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: SalviaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Annual to shrub. Leaf: entire to lobed or toothed, generally not spine-tipped. Inflorescence: clusters generally many-flowered, generally head-like, generally +- spheric, generally involucred, generally surrounding nodes in generally +- spike-like, generally interrupted panicles, or flowers 1--several per leaf axil. Flower: calyx generally 2-lipped, upper lip entire or of 3 generally shallow, occasionally spine-tipped lobes, lower lip generally of 2 generally spine-tipped lobes; corolla 2-lipped, upper lip 2-lobed to entire, lower lip with 3 spreading lobes, middle lobe generally expanded; fertile stamens 2, attached in throat, anther sacs 1--2 per stamen, if 2 then separate on thread-like structure with 1 fertile, > other; style forked at tip.
Species In Genus: +- 900 species: +- worldwide, especially tropics, subtropical America. Etymology: (Latin: to save, from medicinal use) Note: Polyphyletic (taxonomic revision needed); California natives in monophyletic sect. Audibertia. All species good bee fodder; seeds edible, a traditional food of native Californians. Historical waifs, Salvia microphylla Kunth last collected in California in 1943, Salvia verbenacea L. in 1936.
eFlora Treatment Author: Deborah Engle Averett
Reference: Walker & Sytsma 2007 Ann Bot 100:375--391
Salvia apiana Jeps.
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb, subshrub, (< 1)1--2(3) m. Leaf: 4--8 cm; blade widely lanceolate, base tapered; teeth minute, rounded; hairs dense, minute, simple, appressed. Inflorescence: clusters few-flowered, in +- spike-like clusters, these in +- raceme-like, interrupted panicles; bracts < to > calyx, lance-linear, recurved. Flower: calyx 8--10 mm, lobes barely or not spine-tipped, upper lip entire; corolla tube 12--22 mm, white and lavender, upper lip < 2 mm, lower lip 4--5 mm, upcurved, blocking throat; stamens, style exserted. Fruit: 2.5--3 mm, shiny, light brown. Chromosomes: 2n=30.
Ecology: Dry slopes, coastal-sage scrub, chaparral, yellow-pine forest; Elevation: generally < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SCoRO, SCo, TR, PR, w edge D; Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: Apr--Aug Note: If recognized taxonomically, plants with condensed panicles assignable to Salvia apiana var. compacta Munz.
Jepson eFlora Author: Deborah Engle Averett
Reference: Walker & Sytsma 2007 Ann Bot 100:375--391
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Botanical illustration including Salvia apiana

botanical illustration including Salvia apiana

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Citation for this treatment: Deborah Engle Averett 2012, Salvia apiana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=43038, accessed on October 16, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on October 16, 2019.

Salvia apiana
click for enlargement
© 2008 Thomas Stoughton
Salvia apiana
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Salvia apiana
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Salvia apiana
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Salvia apiana
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Salvia apiana
click for enlargement
© 2008 Thomas Stoughton

More photos of Salvia apiana in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Salvia apiana:
s SCoRO, SCo, TR, PR, w edge D
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.