Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Salpichroa origanifolia

Higher Taxonomy
Family: SolanaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: NIGHTSHADE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla +- radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2--5-chambered.
Genera In Family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially +- tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia). Toxicity: many TOXIC. Note: Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SalpichroaView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb from rhizome. Leaf: fleshy, entire. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in axils. Flower: calyx deeply lobed; corolla lobes < tube; stamens +- included, anthers converging toward style, oblong; style 1, thread-like, stigma head-like. Fruit: berry, fleshy. Seed: many, compressed.
Species In Genus: 15 species: South America, especially Andes. Etymology: (Greek: trumpet color)

Salpichroa origanifolia (Lam.) Baill.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Plant < 2 m, decumbent to climbing, hairy. Leaf: 10--35 mm; petiole 5--10 mm; blade widely elliptic to ovate, +- glabrous. Inflorescence: pedicel 3--14 mm. Flower: calyx lobes 2--3 mm; corolla urn-shaped, white or +- green, with a densely woolly ring adaxially, lobes 2--3 mm, triangular; anthers 1.5--2 mm, +- exserted; disk below ovary, brick-red. Fruit: 10--15 mm, ovoid, white or pale yellow, ill-smelling. Chromosomes: n=12.
Ecology: Disturbed places; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, w CW, SCo; Distribution Outside California: to Texas, northern Mexico; Europe; native to South America. Flowering Time: Jul--Oct
Synonyms: Salpichroa rhomboidea (Gillies & Hook.) Miers
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee
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Citation for this treatment: Michael H. Nee 2016. Salpichroa origanifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=43020, accessed on February 08, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 08, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Salpichroa origanifolia:
NCo, w CW, SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.