|University of California, Berkeley|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Index to accepted names and synonyms:
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|Family: Salicaceae||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Salix||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Salix purpurea L.
Habit: Shrub to tree < 5 m. Stem: erect; twigs yellow-, gray-, or olive-brown and tinged violet, glabrous, flexible or +- brittle at base. Leaf: at least some +- opposite; stipules 0; petiole 2--7 mm; young leaves glabrous or sparsely short-soft-spreading-hairy; mature blade 35--77 mm, oblanceolate, acuminate or convex (base convex to rounded), entire to remotely finely serrate, abaxial hairs 0. Inflorescence: blooming before leaves, +- opposite (at least some), pistillate 13--35 mm, on leafy shoots 0.5--3 mm; flower bract black. Staminate Flower: stamens 1. Pistillate Flower: ovary silky, stalk 0--0.1 mm, style 0.15--0.3 mm, stigma flat. Chromosomes: 2n=38.
Ecology: Around settlements; Elevation: probably < 20 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo (Ryan's Slough, Humboldt Bay); Distribution Outside California: to Canada, southeastern United States; native to Asia. Flowering Time: Mar--May Note: Mostly cultivated as ornamental.
eFlora Treatment Author: George W. Argus
Jepson Online Interchange
Previous taxon: Salix prolixa
Next taxon: Salix scouleriana
Citation for this treatment: George W. Argus 2017. Salix purpurea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=42957, accessed on March 26, 2017.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on March 26, 2017.