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Salicornia pacifica

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ChenopodiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: GOOSEFOOT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub; hairs simple, stellate, or glandular; plants in several genera scaly, mealy, or powdery from collapsed glands; monoecious, dioecious, with bisexual flowers, or with both bisexual and unisexual flowers. Stem: occasionally fleshy. Leaf: blade simple, generally alternate, occasionally fleshy or reduced to scales, veins pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, spheric head, axillary clusters of flowers, or flowers 1; bracts 0--5, herbaceous, generally persistent or strongly modified in fruit, wings, tubercles or spines present or 0. Flower: bisexual or unisexual, small, generally green; calyx parts (1)3--5, or 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused basally (or +- throughout), leaf-like in texture, membranous, or fleshy, deciduous or not, often strongly modified in fruit; corolla 0; stamens 1--5, opposite sepals, filaments free, equal; anthers 4-chambered; ovary superior (1/2-inferior), chamber 1; ovule 1; styles, stigmas 1--4 (or stigmas sessile). Fruit: achene or utricle, generally falling with persistent calyx or bracts. Seed: 1, small, lenticular to spheric; seed coat smooth to finely dotted, warty, net-like, or prickly, margin occasionally winged.
Genera In Family: 100 genera, 1500 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, beet, Swiss chard; Spinacia oleracea L., spinach; Chenopodium quinoa Willd., quinoa); and some worldwide, naturalized ruderal or noxious agricultural weeds. Note: Nitrophila treated in Amaranthaceae, Sarcobatus treated in Sarcobataceae. Key to genera revised by Elizabeth H. Zacharias to incorporate Extriplex and Stutzia, 2 genera segregated from Atriplex.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mihai Costea, family description, key to genera, revised by Thomas J. Rosatti & Elizabeth H. Zacharias
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SalicorniaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PICKLEWEED
Habit: Annual or subshrub, glabrous. Stem: generally many-branched, appearing jointed when young; internodes green to glaucous, fleshy when young. Leaf: opposite, sessile, decurrent; leaf pairs fused at base, enclosing stem. Inflorescence: spike, terminal, cylindric, dense; bracts leaf-like; flowers generally 3 per axil, sessile, sunken in fleshy bracts of distal internode, adherent to each other and to bracts, forming a 3-parted cavity at flower-fall. Flower: calyx fleshy, 3--4-lobed at tip, +- deciduous in fruit; stamens 1--2; stigmas 2--3. Fruit: wall membranous, free from seed. Seed: vertical; seed coat membranous, pale brown, hairy [papillate].
Species In Genus: +- 50 species: +- worldwide. Etymology: (Greek: salt horn) Note: Needs study. Salicornia subterminalis moved to Arthrocnemum.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter W. Ball

Salicornia pacifica Standl.
NATIVE
Habit: Subshrub 10--70 cm. Stem: spreading to erect, occasionally rooting at base; few- to many-branched. Inflorescence: spikes 20--85 mm, 2.5--5 mm wide, longest with 12--40 fertile nodes. Flower: central flowers 1--2.5 mm wide, separating lateral flowers; anthers 0.7--1 mm, dehiscing after exsertion. Seed: 1.2--1.5 mm, hairs 0.1--0.2 mm, hooked, curved.
Ecology: Salt marshes, alkaline flats; Elevation: < 800 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, SnJV, CCo, SnFrB, SCo, s ChI, PR, DMoj; Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: Jul--Nov Note: Occasionally misidentified as Salicornia utahensis Tidestr., not present in California.
Synonyms: Sarcocornia pacifica (Standl.) A.J. Scott; Salicornia virginica L., misappl.
Unabridged Note: Salicornia utahensis reported from California, but specimen is Salicornia pacifica. Salicornia utahensis occurs in several adj states, so it might be expected to occur in eastern California: spikes terminal, fertile nodes < 12; anthers 0.9--1.8 mm; seeds smooth, papillae short (0.6--0.9 mm), straight, on one edge.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter W. Ball
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Citation for this treatment: Peter W. Ball 2016. Salicornia pacifica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=42666, accessed on February 13, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 13, 2016.


Salicornia pacifica
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© 2015 Keir Morse
Salicornia pacifica
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© 2014 Dana York
Salicornia pacifica
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© 2015 Keir Morse
Salicornia pacifica
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© 2005 California Academy of Sciences
Salicornia pacifica
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© 2015 Keir Morse
Salicornia pacifica
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© 2015 Keir Morse

More photos of Salicornia pacifica in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Salicornia pacifica:
NCo, SnJV, CCo, SnFrB, SCo, s ChI, PR, DMoj;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.