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Vascular Plants of California
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Salicornia pacifica


Higher Taxonomy
Family: ChenopodiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: GOOSEFOOT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub; hairs simple, stellate, or glandular; plants in several genera scaly, mealy, or powdery from collapsed glands; monoecious, dioecious, with bisexual flowers, or with both bisexual and unisexual flowers. Stem: occasionally fleshy. Leaf: blade simple, generally alternate, occasionally fleshy or reduced to scales, veins pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, spheric head, axillary clusters of flowers, or flowers 1; bracts 0--5, herbaceous, generally persistent or strongly modified in fruit, wings, tubercles or spines present or 0. Flower: bisexual or unisexual, small, generally green; calyx parts (1)3--5, or 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused basally (or +- throughout), leaf-like in texture, membranous, or fleshy, deciduous or not, often strongly modified in fruit; corolla 0; stamens 1--5, opposite sepals, filaments free, equal; anthers 4-chambered; ovary superior (1/2-inferior), chamber 1; ovule 1; styles, stigmas 1--4 (or stigmas sessile). Fruit: achene or utricle, generally falling with persistent calyx or bracts. Seed: 1, small, lenticular to spheric; seed coat smooth to finely dotted, warty, net-like, or prickly, margin occasionally winged.
Genera In Family: 100 genera, 1500 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, beet, Swiss chard; Spinacia oleracea L., spinach; Chenopodium quinoa Willd., quinoa); and some worldwide, naturalized ruderal or noxious agricultural weeds. Note: Nitrophila treated in Amaranthaceae, Sarcobatus treated in Sarcobataceae. Key to genera revised by Elizabeth H. Zacharias to incorporate Extriplex and Stutzia, 2 genera segregated from Atriplex.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mihai Costea, family description, key to genera, revised by Thomas J. Rosatti & Elizabeth H. Zacharias, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SalicorniaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: PICKLEWEED
Habit: Annual or subshrub, glabrous. Stem: generally many-branched, appearing jointed when young; internodes green to glaucous, fleshy when young. Leaf: opposite, sessile, decurrent; leaf pairs fused at base, enclosing stem. Inflorescence: spike, terminal, cylindric, dense; bracts leaf-like; flowers generally 3 per axil, sessile, sunken in fleshy bracts of distal internode, adherent to each other and to bracts, forming a 3-parted cavity at flower-fall. Flower: calyx fleshy, 3--4-lobed at tip, +- deciduous in fruit; stamens 1--2; stigmas 2--3. Fruit: wall membranous, free from seed. Seed: vertical; seed coat membranous, pale brown, hairy [papillate].
Species In Genus: +- 50 species: +- worldwide. Etymology: (Greek: salt horn) Note: Needs study. Salicornia subterminalis moved to Arthrocnemum.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter W. Ball
Reference: Kadereit at al. 2007 Taxon 56:1143--1170
Salicornia pacifica Standl.
NATIVE
Habit: Subshrub 10--70 cm. Stem: spreading to erect, occasionally rooting at base; few- to many-branched. Inflorescence: spikes 20--85 mm, 2.5--5 mm wide, longest with 12--40 fertile nodes. Flower: central flowers 1--2.5 mm wide, separating lateral flowers; anthers 0.7--1 mm, dehiscing after exsertion. Seed: 1.2--1.5 mm, hairs 0.1--0.2 mm, hooked, curved.
Ecology: Salt marshes, alkaline flats; Elevation: < 800 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, SnJV, CCo, SnFrB, SCo, s ChI, PR, DMoj; Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: Jul--Nov Note: Occasionally misidentified as Salicornia utahensis Tidestr., not present in California.
Synonyms: Sarcocornia pacifica (Standl.) A.J. Scott; Salicornia virginica L., misappl.
Unabridged Note: Salicornia utahensis reported from California, but specimen is Salicornia pacifica. Salicornia utahensis occurs in several adj states, so it might be expected to occur in eastern California: spikes terminal, fertile nodes < 12; anthers 0.9--1.8 mm; seeds smooth, papillae short (0.6--0.9 mm), straight, on one edge.
Jepson eFlora Author: Peter W. Ball
Reference: Kadereit at al. 2007 Taxon 56:1143--1170
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Botanical illustration including Salicornia pacifica

botanical illustration including Salicornia pacifica

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Citation for this treatment: Peter W. Ball 2012, Salicornia pacifica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=42666, accessed on July 19, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on July 19, 2019.

Salicornia pacifica
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© 2006 Steve Matson
Salicornia pacifica
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© 2015 Keir Morse
Salicornia pacifica
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Salicornia pacifica
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Salicornia pacifica
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Salicornia pacifica
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer

More photos of Salicornia pacifica in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Salicornia pacifica:
NCo, SnJV, CCo, SnFrB, SCo, s ChI, PR, DMoj
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.