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Vascular Plants of California
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Rubus ursinus
CALIFORNIA BLACKBERRY


Higher Taxonomy
Family: RosaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: ROSE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0--3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0--5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5--many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1--many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1--5. Fruit: 1--many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1--5 stones. Seed: generally 1--5 (per fruit, not per flower).
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornamental, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. Note: Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Daniel Potter, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: RubusView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Generally shrub; (dioecious). Stem: persisting 1--2 years, rooting at tips and/or nodes or not, erect or arched to mounded or prostrate, 5-angled or not, hairy or glabrous, glaucous or not, stalked glands present or not; bristles or prickles 0--many, prickles stout and wide-based or weak and slender, straight or curved. Leaf: simple, palmately lobed, to palmately compound, leaflets 3 or 5(11), toothed, abaxially +- glabrous to densely hairy; stipules thread-like to ovate or elliptic. Inflorescence: raceme- or panicle-like cyme, axillary or terminal; pedicel bractlets 0. Flower: generally bisexual; hypanthium flat to saucer-shaped, bractlets 0; sepals persistent, reflexed to ascending, ovate or lance-ovate, hairy or glabrous, stalked or sessile glands present or not, tip pointed, prickly or not; petals widely obovate, spoon-shaped, or elliptic, white to +- pink or magenta; stamens generally >> 20, filaments thread- or strap-like; pistils 5--150, receptacle flat or convex to conical, spongy, generally elongated in fruit, ovaries superior, hairy or glabrous, styles long, slender or short, thick, glabrous or hairy; ovules 2, 1 maturing. Fruit: fleshy-coated achenes, aggregate of few to many, yellow, orange, red, or black, generally falling as unit, separating with (blackberry-type) or without (raspberry-type) receptacle attached.
Species In Genus: 400--750 species: worldwide except Antarctica, especially northern temperate. Etymology: (Latin: red; ancient name for bramble, blackberry)
eFlora Treatment Author: Lawrence A. Alice
Unabridged Reference: Alice & Campbell 1999 Amer J Bot 86:81--97
Rubus ursinus Cham. & Schltdl.
NATIVE
Habit: Plant prostrate to decumbent; generally dioecious; bristles or prickles generally many, weak, slender, straight. Stem: 2--10 mm diam, not angled, +- glabrous to hairy, +- with stalked glands, glaucous, persisting 2 years, rooting at tips. Leaf: simple or compound, leaflets 3(5), terminal triangular-ovate, irregularly coarse-toothed, tip acute, abaxially sparsely to densely gray-hairy, stipules thread-like to linear, <= 1 mm wide. Inflorescence: cyme, flowers 1--5. Flower: generally unisexual; sepals hairy, prickly, +- with stalked glands; petals 6--8(11) mm in pistillate, 10--15(18) mm in staminate, elliptic to round, white; filaments thread-like; pistils > 30, styles long, slender, ovaries glabrous or hairy. Fruit: blackberry-type, black. Chromosomes: 2n=42,49,56,63,77,84,91.
Ecology: Common. Open, disturbed areas; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Idaho, Baja California. Flowering Time: Mar--Jul
Synonyms: Rubus eastwoodianus Rydb.; Rubus lemurum S.W. Br.; Rubus macropetalus Douglas ex Hook.; Rubus sirbenus L.H. Bailey; Rubus titanus L.H. Bailey; Rubus ursinus subsp. macropetalus (Douglas ex Hook.) Roy L. Taylor & MacBryde; Rubus ursinus var. eastwoodianus (Rydb.) J.T. Howell; Rubus ursinus var. macropetalus (Douglas ex Hook.) S.W. Br.; Rubus ursinus var. medusae S.W. Br.; Rubus ursinus var. pentaphyllus S.W. Br.; Rubus ursinus var. sirbenus (L.H. Bailey) J.T. Howell; Rubus ursinus var. vitifolius (Cham. & Schltdl.) Focke; Rubus vitifolius Cham. & Schltdl.; Rubus vitifolius var. eastwoodianus (Rydb.) Munz; Rubus vitifolius var. titanus (L.H. Bailey) L.H. Bailey; Rubus vitifolius subsp. ursinus (Cham. & Schltdl.) Abrams
Unabridged Note: Parent of several cultivars, especially loganberry, boysenberry.
Jepson eFlora Author: Lawrence A. Alice
Unabridged Reference: Alice & Campbell 1999 Amer J Bot 86:81--97
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Botanical illustration including Rubus ursinus

botanical illustration including Rubus ursinus

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Citation for this treatment: Lawrence A. Alice 2012, Rubus ursinus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=42267, accessed on September 18, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on September 18, 2019.

Rubus ursinus
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Rubus ursinus
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© 2012 Neal Kramer
Rubus ursinus
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© 2004 George W. Hartwell
Rubus ursinus
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© 2008 Neal Kramer
Rubus ursinus
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© 2001 Tony Morosco
Rubus ursinus
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© 2008 Keir Morse

More photos of Rubus ursinus in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Rubus ursinus:
CA-FP
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.