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Romanzoffia californica


Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BORAGE or WATERLEAF FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: RomanzoffiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Perennial herb [annual], +- scapose, base bulb-like or from tubers [taproot]; herbage +- glabrous to generally sparse-soft-hairy. Stem: erect. Leaf: basal long-petioled, reniform to round, shallow-lobed or toothed; cauline few, reduced, alternate [generally opposite]. Inflorescence: open; pedicels present. Flower: corolla > calyx, bell- to funnel-shaped, white, generally yellow in throat; stamens included, subequal; ovary chambers appearing 2, style 1, thread-like, included, +- 2-lobed. Fruit: capsule, oblong to ovoid to obovoid. Seed: many, ovoid, angled, brown, pitted.
Species In Genus: 5 species: California, Alaska, Montana, western Canada. Etymology: (Count N.P. Romanzoff, 1754--1826, promoter of Russian expedition to California in 1816)
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse
Romanzoffia californica Greene
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 10--40 cm; tubers clustered, ovoid, green to brown, tomentose. Leaf: petioles 2--12 cm, +- widened at base, not overlapped; blade 8--45 mm wide. Inflorescence: exceeding leaves, glandular or not; pedicels slender, 1--3 cm in fruit. Flower: calyx lobes 2--5 mm, lance-linear, generally acute, occasionally glabrous, glandular or not; corolla 5--12 mm; ovary sparse-soft-hairy, glandular; style 4--7 mm. Fruit: 6--10 mm. Chromosomes: n=11.
Ecology: Ocean bluffs, roadbanks, wet cliffs, moist rocky areas; Elevation: < 800 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, n CCo, SnFrB; Distribution Outside California: to Washington. Flowering Time: Mar--May
Jepson eFlora Author: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse
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Botanical illustration including Romanzoffia californica

botanical illustration including Romanzoffia californica

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Citation for this treatment: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse 2012, Romanzoffia californica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=41552, accessed on July 19, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on July 19, 2019.

Romanzoffia californica
click for enlargement
© 2014 Dana York
Romanzoffia californica
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Romanzoffia californica
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Romanzoffia californica
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Romanzoffia californica
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Romanzoffia californica
click for enlargement
© 2014 Dana York

More photos of Romanzoffia californica in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Romanzoffia californica:
NW, n CCo, SnFrB
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.