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Quercus chrysolepis
MAUL OAK, CANYON LIVE OAK

Higher Taxonomy
Family: FagaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: OAK FAMILY
Habit: Shrub, tree, evergreen or not; monoecious. Leaf: simple, alternate, petioled; margin entire to lobed; stipules small, generally deciduous. Staminate Inflorescence: catkin or stiff spike, many-flowered. Pistillate Inflorescence: 1--few-flowered, generally above staminate inflorescence; involucre bracts many, generally overlapping, flat or cylindric. Staminate Flower: calyx generally 4--6-lobed, minute; petals 0; stamens 4--12+. Pistillate Flower: calyx generally 6-lobed, minute; petals 0; ovary inferior, style branches generally 3. Fruit: 1 nut subtended, partly enclosed by scaly, cup-like involucre or 1--3 nuts subtended, enclosed by spiny, bur-like involucre; mature years 1--2. Seed: generally 1.
Genera In Family: 7 genera, +- 900 species: generally northern hemisphere. Note: Wood of Quercus critical for pre-20th century ship-building, charcoal for metallurgy; some now supply wood (Fagus, Quercus), cork (Quercus suber), food (Castanea, chestnut). Lithocarpus densiflorus moved to Notholithocarpus.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Tucker, except as noted
Genus: QuercusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: OAK
Habit: Evergreen or not. Leaf: stipules small, generally early-deciduous. Staminate Inflorescence: catkins, 1--several, pendent, slender, proximal on twig. Pistillate Inflorescence: in distal leaf axils, short-stalked; flower generally 1. Staminate Flower: stamens 4--10. Pistillate Flower: calyx minute, generally 6-lobed; ovary enclosed by involucre. Fruit: nut 1, partly enclosed by cup-like involucre (cup) with appressed scales (nut and cup = acorn), remnants of perianth and style persistent as small point at tip; scales tubercled to not; mature in years 1 (on younger stems) or 2 (on older stems). Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Species In Genus: +- 600 species: northern hemisphere, to northern South America, India. Etymology: (Latin: ancient name for oak) Note: Many named hybrids; those (3) treated here form widespread populations; most others occur as single individuals, and some but not all of these are mentioned here, under the first parent treated (alphabetically). Reproduction of many species declining due to habitat degradation or loss as well as disease. Quercus robur added, as waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas J. Rosatti & John M. Tucker

Quercus chrysolepis Liebm.
NATIVE
Habit: Shrub to tree < 35 m, evergreen; trunk bark narrowly furrowed, scaly, pale gray; twigs golden-tomentose, +- glabrous in age. Leaf: (1.5)3--6 cm, leathery; petiole 3--10 mm; blade oblong to oblong- or round-ovate, adaxially dark green, abaxially golden-puberulent, glabrous in age, dull, +- gray, tip acute to abruptly pointed, margin entire or spine-toothed. Fruit: cup 17--30 mm wide, 5--10 mm deep, saucer- to bowl-shaped, scales thick, +- tubercled to not, golden-tomentose; nut 25--30 mm, 14--20 mm wide, +- ovoid, oblong, or elliptic, distally obtuse to rounded, shell woolly inside; mature in year 2.
Ecology: Canyons, shaded slopes, chaparral, mixed-evergreen forest, woodland; Elevation: 30--2750 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP (exc GV), e DMtns; Distribution Outside California: Oregon, Arizona, Baja California. Flowering Time: Apr--May Note: Highly variable. Hybridizes with Quercus palmeri, Quercus tomentella, Quercus vacciniifolia.
Synonyms: Quercus chrysolepis var. nana (Jeps.) Jeps.
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas J. Rosatti & John M. Tucker
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Citation for this treatment: Thomas J. Rosatti & John M. Tucker 2016. Quercus chrysolepis, Revision 2, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=40565, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 04, 2016.


Quercus chrysolepis
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Quercus chrysolepis
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Quercus chrysolepis
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Quercus chrysolepis
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Quercus chrysolepis
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Quercus chrysolepis
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse

More photos of Quercus chrysolepis in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Quercus chrysolepis:
CA-FP (exc GV), e DMtns;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.