Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Pseudotsuga macrocarpa
BIGCONE DOUGLAS-FIR, BIGCONE SPRUCE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PinaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PINE FAMILY
Habit: Shrub, tree, evergreen; monoecious. Stem: young crown conic; twig not grooved, resinous, generally persistent. Leaf: simple, generally alternate, sometimes in bundles or appearing +- 2-ranked, linear or awl-like; base decurrent, woody or not, persistent several years. Pollen Cone: generally < 6 cm, not woody, deciduous. Seed Cone: generally woody; bracts, scales generally persistent; scale not peltate, fused to or free from subtending bract. Seed: 2, on scale base adaxially.
Genera In Family: 10 genera, 193 species: generally northern hemisphere; many of great commercial value, supplying > 1/2 of world's timber.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Robert Haller, Nancy J. Vivrette, & James R. Griffin, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PseudotsugaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Stem: young crown conic; branches +- whorled in young pls, smaller +- drooping; young bark smooth, with resin blisters, mature thick, deep-furrowed, dark brown; twig without persistent, peg-like leaf bases; leaf scars +- smooth, +- elliptic; bud < 15 mm, fusiform. Leaf: persistent < 8 years, 2--4.5 cm, tapered to a short petiole above persistent base, +- spreading, +- flat, with 2 +- white bands abaxially. Seed Cone: pendent, 4--20 cm, maturing 1st year, persistent or not; stalk < 2 cm; bract exserted, 3-toothed or -lobed, free from scale. Seed: plus wing < 25 mm.
Species In Genus: 4 species: North America, Asia. Etymology: (Latin, Japanese: false hemlock)

Pseudotsuga macrocarpa (Vasey) Mayr
NATIVE
Stem: trunk < 44 m, < 2.1 m wide, strong-tapered; mature crown rounded to flat; lower branches often many, large. Leaf: 2--4.5 cm. Seed Cone: persistent several years or not; bracts little exserted except for central tooth or lobe.
Ecology: Scattered on fire-resistant slopes, mixed-evergreen forest; Elevation: 200--2400 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SCoRO (Sierra Madre Mtns), TR, PR.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Robert Haller, Nancy J. Vivrette, & James R. Griffin
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Citation for this treatment: J. Robert Haller, Nancy J. Vivrette, & James R. Griffin 2016. Pseudotsuga macrocarpa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=40061, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 01, 2016.


Pseudotsuga macrocarpa
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© 2011 Neal Kramer

More photos of Pseudotsuga macrocarpa in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Pseudotsuga macrocarpa:
s SCoRO (Sierra Madre Mtns), TR, PR.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.