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Vascular Plants of California
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Prosartes parvifolia
SISKIYOU BELLS


Higher Taxonomy
Family: LiliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: LILY FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, +- umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or +- fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or +- so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3--many, flat or angled, brown to black.
Genera In Family: 16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Note: Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ProsartesView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Rhizome slender, creeping to +- erect. Stem: erect, branched, scaly below, leafy above, hairs 0 or generally sharp-branched, generally not glandular, some or all falling in age. Leaf: alternate, sessile to +- clasping, (ob)ovate to elliptic, acute to acuminate, base +- oblique, cordate to acute, main veins >=3, converging. Inflorescence: umbel-like, terminal; flowers 1--7, pendent. Flower: perianth parts 6, in 2 whorls, petal-like, free, white to +- green, bases green, generally convex; stamens 6, free, anthers generally < filaments, generally oblong, generally glabrous; ovary superior, chambers (1)3, style slender, stigma entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: berry, orange to red. Seed: white to pale yellow.
Species In Genus: 6 species: temperate North America. Etymology: (Greek: to append, from pendulous ovules of type sp.)
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael R. Mesler & Robin Bencie
Reference: Mesler et al. 2010 Madroño 52:129--135
Prosartes parvifolia S. Watson
NATIVE
Habit: Stem, leaf margin, pedicel glandular-hairy. Stem: 30--80 cm. Leaf: 1.5--5.5 cm; both surfaces, margins glandular-hairy. Inflorescence: flowers 1--4. Flower: bell-shaped to narrowly so; perianth parts 8--10 mm, widely rounded at base; anthers >> filaments, lanceolate, surrounding style base; ovary +- cylindric, chambers 1, ovules generally 2, style base hairy. Fruit: 10--13 mm, +- depressed-spheric, orange to orange-red; seeds generally 2.
Ecology: Montane conifer, mixed-evergreen forest, exposed roadsides; Elevation: 600--1525 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR (Siskiyou Mtns); Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Flowering Time: May--Jun Note: Plants fertile, not of hybrid origin, clearly distinct, contrary to prevailing opinion.
Synonyms: Prosartes hookeri Torr. var. parvifolia (S. Watson) Kartesz; Disporum parvifolium (S. Watson) Britton; Disporum hookeri (Torr.) G. Nicholson var. parvifolium (S. Watson) Britton
Jepson eFlora Author: Michael R. Mesler & Robin Bencie
Reference: Mesler et al. 2010 Madroño 52:129--135
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Citation for this treatment: Michael R. Mesler & Robin Bencie 2012, Prosartes parvifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=39939, accessed on September 22, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on September 22, 2019.

No expert verified images found for Prosartes parvifolia.



Geographic subdivisions for Prosartes parvifolia:
KR (Siskiyou Mtns)
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.