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Polemonium pulcherrimum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolemoniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1--many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
Genera In Family: 26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). Note: Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson, family description, key to genera, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: PolemoniumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb. Stem: decumbent to erect, 10--100 cm, glandular-hairy, hairy, or glabrous. Leaf: pinnate-compound, alternate; basal petiole base membranous or not, sheathing or not; cauline sessile above; leaflets entire to divided, glabrous to glandular-hairy. Inflorescence: cyme or head. Flower: calyx bell-shaped, membranous in age but not separated into membrane and lobes, glandular-hairy; corolla rotate to funnel- or bell-shaped, tube << throat, lobes white to blue or purple; stamens attached at 1 level, filaments hairy at base; ovary generally +- 1 mm, +- 1 mm wide. Fruit: ovoid to spheric. Seed: <= 10, generally 1--3 mm, elliptic to ovate, +- gelatinous when wet, brown to black.
Species In Genus: +- 30 species: America, Eurasia. Etymology: (Greek: perhaps from Polemon, Athenian philosopher, or polemos, strife or war) Note: Perennial herb generally cross-pollinated, annual self-pollinated. Polemonium eddyense newly described; Polemonium pulcherrimum var. shastense newly recognized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Rebecca L. Stubbs, Ruth E. Timme & Dieter H. Wilken

Polemonium pulcherrimum Hook.
Habit: Perennial herb, cespitose, hairy; rhizome short. Stem: erect, 5--20 cm. Leaf: basal < 6 cm, 5--10 mm wide, cauline much reduced, glandular-hairy; petioles 5--13 mm, bases not membranous, sheathing; leaflets 9--22, 3--4 mm, 2--4 mm wide, ovate to round, entire, terminal generally free from adjacent pair. Inflorescence: dense, 4--5 flowered, generally above leaves; pedicel 2--5 mm. Flower: calyx 4--5 mm, lobes +- = tube, acute; corolla rotate to bell-shaped, limb 5--11 mm diam, throat +- 3 mm, lobes +- 4 mm; stamens 3--5 mm, included; pistil 5--6 mm, ovary < 1.5 mm, < 1 mm wide, style included. Fruit: 3--4 mm, +- 2 mm wide. Seed: <=3, dark brown to black. Chromosomes: 2n=18.

eFlora Treatment Author: Rebecca L. Stubbs, Ruth E. Timme & Dieter H. Wilken
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Citation for this treatment: Rebecca L. Stubbs, Ruth E. Timme & Dieter H. Wilken 2017. Polemonium pulcherrimum, Revision 2, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 19, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 19, 2017.

Polemonium pulcherrimum var. pilosum
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© 2016 Aaron Schusteff
Polemonium pulcherrimum
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© 1993 Gary A. Monroe
Polemonium pulcherrimum var. pulcherrimum
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© 2011 Steve Matson
Polemonium pulcherrimum subsp. pulcherrimum
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© 2016 Keir Morse
Polemonium pulcherrimum subsp. pulcherrimum
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© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Polemonium pulcherrimum var. pulcherrimum
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© 2011 Steve Matson

More photos of Polemonium pulcherrimum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Polemonium pulcherrimum:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.