Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Plantago patagonica

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlantaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PLANTAIN FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1--few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4--5, generally fused at base; corolla 4--5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1--2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2--4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PlantagoView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PLANTAIN
Habit: Annual to perennial herb, generally scapose. Stem: decumbent to erect. Leaf: generally basal, veins generally +- parallel. Inflorescence: spike, generally dense; flowers few to many, cleistogamous or opening (both). Flower: generally bisexual; calyx deeply 4-lobed, lobes generally overlapped, persistent, margin generally scarious; corolla radial or bilateral, salverform or cylindric, scarious, persistent in fruit, colorless except for lobe midribs or not, lobes 4, spreading to erect; stamens generally 4; ovules several per chamber, stigma long, hairy. Fruit: circumscissile +- at or proximal to middle. Seed: 2--many, gelatinous when wetted.
Species In Genus: +- 250 species: worldwide, especially temperate; some weedy, some (especially Plantago afra L., psyllium) cultivated for laxative. Etymology: (Latin: sole of foot) Note: Plantago sempervirens Crantz, Plantago heterophylla Nutt., reported but not documented, possibly naturalized in California.
Unabridged Note: 2 species reported but not documented for California: Plantago sempervirens Crantz, native to southern Europe, Turkey, differs from Plantago arenaria in, e.g., habit (dwarf shrub vs annual), corolla tube (4--5 vs 3.5--4 mm), fruit (4--5 vs +- 2 mm); Plantago heterophylla Nutt., native to southeastern North America, differs from Plantago elongata in, e.g., seed number, size [10--25(30), 0.5--0.8 mm vs (3)4--9(12), 1.5--2.5 mm], corolla lobe orientation (generally spreading vs generally 1 erect, 3 spreading or reflexed).
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas J. Rosatti

Plantago patagonica Jacq.
NATIVE
Habit: Annual; drying light green, hairs +- dense. Leaf: 2--10 cm, linear or narrowly oblanceolate, entire. Inflorescence: often many, 2--18 cm including peduncle; spike 1--6 cm, +- cylindric, +- wider at base, +- densely woolly, hairs on peduncle nearly always ascending, each in diam +- 2 × those on leaves; peduncle not grooved; bract exserted (proximal) or not, generally 1--2.5 × calyx, linear, green midrib generally reaching tip. Flower: abaxial sepals united at base, scarious parts free; corolla lobes spreading (or 1 erect), 1.5--2 mm, ovate, +- acute. Seed: 2, +- 3 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=20.
Ecology: Sandy, rocky, or grassy slopes, pinyon/juniper or Joshua-tree woodland, chaparral; Elevation: 500--2200 m. Bioregional Distribution: SnGb, SnBr, PR, D; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, north-central United States, Texas, Mexico; Argentina. Flowering Time: Apr--Aug
Synonyms: Plantago purshii Roem. & Schult.; Plantago purshii var. oblonga (E. Morris) Shinners; Plantago purshii var. picta Pilger
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas J. Rosatti
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Plantago ovata var. insularis
Next taxon: Plantago pusilla

Name Search
botanical illustration including Plantago patagonica

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Thomas J. Rosatti 2016. Plantago patagonica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=38590, accessed on February 11, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 11, 2016.


Plantago patagonica
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Plantago patagonica
click for enlargement
© 2004 James M. Andre
Plantago patagonica
click for enlargement
© 2005 James M. Andre
Plantago patagonica
click for enlargement
© 2009 Aaron Schusteff
Plantago patagonica
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Plantago patagonica
click for enlargement
© 2004 James M. Andre

More photos of Plantago patagonica in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Plantago patagonica:
SnGb, SnBr, PR, D;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.