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Plantago elongata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlantaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PLANTAIN FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1--few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4--5, generally fused at base; corolla 4--5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1--2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2--4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PlantagoView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PLANTAIN
Habit: Annual to perennial herb, generally scapose. Stem: decumbent to erect. Leaf: generally basal, veins generally +- parallel. Inflorescence: spike, generally dense; flowers few to many, cleistogamous or opening (both). Flower: generally bisexual; calyx deeply 4-lobed, lobes generally overlapped, persistent, margin generally scarious; corolla radial or bilateral, salverform or cylindric, scarious, persistent in fruit, colorless except for lobe midribs or not, lobes 4, spreading to erect; stamens generally 4; ovules several per chamber, stigma long, hairy. Fruit: circumscissile +- at or proximal to middle. Seed: 2--many, gelatinous when wetted.
Species In Genus: +- 250 species: worldwide, especially temperate; some weedy, some (especially Plantago afra L., psyllium) cultivated for laxative. Etymology: (Latin: sole of foot) Note: Plantago sempervirens Crantz, Plantago heterophylla Nutt., reported but not documented, possibly naturalized in California.
Unabridged Note: 2 species reported but not documented for California: Plantago sempervirens Crantz, native to southern Europe, Turkey, differs from Plantago arenaria in, e.g., habit (dwarf shrub vs annual), corolla tube (4--5 vs 3.5--4 mm), fruit (4--5 vs +- 2 mm); Plantago heterophylla Nutt., native to southeastern North America, differs from Plantago elongata in, e.g., seed number, size [10--25(30), 0.5--0.8 mm vs (3)4--9(12), 1.5--2.5 mm], corolla lobe orientation (generally spreading vs generally 1 erect, 3 spreading or reflexed).
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas J. Rosatti

Plantago elongata Pursh
NATIVE
Habit: Annual; hairs 0 or sparse. Leaf: 3--10 cm, thread-like to linear, entire or teeth few. Inflorescence: few to many, 2--18 cm including peduncle; spike 0.5--5 cm, dense or often +- loose, axis generally at least partially visible between flowers; bract not exserted, +- = calyx, appressed to calyx, round-ovate, keel wide, fleshy, margin translucent. Flower: corolla lobes generally 1 erect, 3 spreading or reflexed, +- 0.5 mm, lance-ovate; stamens 2. Seed: (3)4--9(12), 1.5--2.5 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=12,36.
Ecology: Saline, alkaline places, beaches, vernal pools; Elevation: < 200 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP (exc CaRH, s SNF, SNH, Teh); Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
Synonyms: Plantago elongata subsp. elongata; Plantago elongata subsp. pentasperma Bassett; Plantago bigelovii A. Gray; Plantago bigelovii subsp. bigelovii; Plantago bigelovii subsp. californica (Greene) Bassett
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas J. Rosatti
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Previous taxon: Plantago coronopus
Next taxon: Plantago erecta

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botanical illustration including Plantago elongata

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Citation for this treatment: Thomas J. Rosatti 2016. Plantago elongata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=38558, accessed on February 10, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 10, 2016.


Plantago elongata
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© 2015 Keir Morse
Plantago elongata
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© 2010 Gary A. Monroe
Plantago elongata
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© 2008 Neal Kramer
Plantago elongata
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© 2003 George W. Hartwell
Plantago elongata
click for enlargement
© 2010 Gary A. Monroe
Plantago elongata
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© 2015 Keir Morse

More photos of Plantago elongata in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Plantago elongata:
CA-FP (exc CaRH, s SNF, SNH, Teh);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.