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Pittosporum crassifolium

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PittosporaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PITTOSPORUM FAMILY
Habit: Tree, shrub, woody vine, generally evergreen. Leaf: simple, alternate, occasionally +- at branch tips, often leathery, generally entire, petioled. Inflorescence: panicle, cluster, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 5, free or +- fused at base; petals 5, free, erect or spreading, base generally +- adherent into tube; stamens 5; ovary superior, chambers generally 2--3, style 1, stigma generally spheric. Fruit: capsule, berry. Seed: several, often in pulp.
Genera In Family: 9 genera, +- 200 species: warm temperate, tropics, Old World, especially Australia, New Zealand, eastern Asia; some ornamental, especially Pittosporum. Note: Sollya moved to Billardiera.
eFlora Treatment Author: Alan T. Whittemore & Elizabeth McClintock
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PittosporumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Tree, shrub. Leaf: tip acute or rounded. Inflorescence: panicle, umbel-like cluster, or flowers 1, terminal or axillary. Flower: generally functionally unisexual; petals generally adherent proximally, spreading distally; anthers free; ovary chambers 2--3. Fruit: capsule, woody, 2--3 valved; pulp resinous. Seed: sticky.
Species In Genus: +- 150 species: warm parts of Australia, New Zealand, Pacific islands, eastern Asia, Africa. Etymology: (Greek: pitch, seed, from resinous seed coating) Note: Some species medicinal and poisonous; saponins in Pittosporum crassifolium.

Pittosporum crassifolium Banks & Sol.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Shrub, small tree. Stem: < 9 m; twigs densely hairy. Leaf: generally 4.5--7 cm, oblong to obovate, leathery, margin generally +- turned under; abaxially white, densely hairy; petiole 8--16 mm. Inflorescence: umbel, terminal. Flower: not fragrant; petals +- 1 cm, dark red to purple-black. Fruit: 1.5--3 cm, spheric or ovoid, dense-hairy, generally 3-valved. Seed: purple-black.
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed areas; Elevation: < 200 m. Bioregional Distribution: CCo; Distribution Outside California: native to New Zealand. Flowering Time: Nov--May
eFlora Treatment Author: Alan T. Whittemore & Elizabeth McClintock
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Citation for this treatment: Alan T. Whittemore & Elizabeth McClintock 2016. Pittosporum crassifolium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=38444, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 01, 2016.


Pittosporum crassifolium
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer
Pittosporum crassifolium
click for enlargement
© 2010 Neal Kramer
Pittosporum crassifolium
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer
Pittosporum crassifolium
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer
Pittosporum crassifolium
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer
Pittosporum crassifolium
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer

More photos of Pittosporum crassifolium in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Pittosporum crassifolium:
CCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.