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    Vascular Plants of California
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Phytolacca heterotepala

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PhytolaccaceaeView Description 

Habit: [Annual to] perennial herb [to tree], generally +- glabrous. Leaf: alternate, simple, entire, generally petioled; stipules 0 or vestigial. Inflorescence: spike, raceme [panicle], [axillary or] terminal (then often lateral, +- opposite a leaf, by growth of bud axillary to that leaf); bract 1; bractlets 2. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals [4]5[10], fused at base, generally persistent; petals 0; stamens 4--many, generally on disk, free or fused at base, in 1--2 whorls or not; carpels generally 1--12, [free] to fused, ovary generally superior, carpels = styles, chambers in number, ovules 1 per chamber, stigmas linear or thread-like. Fruit: berry [achene, capsule, drupe, nut, samara].
Genera In Family: +- 18 genera, 130 species: +- worldwide, especially America tropics, subtropics. Note: A broad family concept adopted here, as many as 6 segregate families sometimes recognized by others.
eFlora Treatment Author: John W. Thieret, final revision by Thomas J. Rosatti
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: PhytolaccaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb [to tree]; axes often +- red to purple. Flower: sepals 5[8], petal-like; stamens generally 5--30; carpels 5--12, +- fused. Fruit: berry, chambers 5--12. Seed: 1 per chamber.
Species In Genus: +- 25 species: tropics, subtropics, especially America. Etymology: (Greek, Latin: plant, crimson dye, from fruit color)

Phytolacca heterotepala H. Walter
Habit: Plant to 2.5 m. Leaf: blade < 13 cm, 6 cm wide, lanceolate to ovate; petiole to 5 cm. Inflorescence: +- open raceme, < 25 cm; peduncle to 5.5 cm; pedicel 2--5 mm. Flower: sepals unequal (largest +- 2 × smallest in width), 3--4 mm, narrowly to widely elliptic to oblanceolate, white with green +- central area; stamens 12--22, generally in 2 whorls; carpels 8--11, fused. Fruit: 6--7 mm diam, purple-black. Seed: 2--2.5 mm, lenticular, black, shiny.
Ecology: Disturbed areas; Elevation: 10--60 m. Bioregional Distribution: CCo (San Francisco); Distribution Outside California: Mexico; alien in Europe. Flowering Time: Summer--winter
eFlora Treatment Author: John W. Thieret, final revision by Thomas J. Rosatti
Reference: Howell 1960 Leafl W Bot 9:81--83
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Citation for this treatment: John W. Thieret, final revision by Thomas J. Rosatti 2012, Phytolacca heterotepala, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 15, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 15, 2018.

Geographic subdivisions for Phytolacca heterotepala:
CCo (San Francisco);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.