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Physalis crassifolia

Higher Taxonomy
Family: SolanaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: NIGHTSHADE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla +- radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2--5-chambered.
Genera In Family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially +- tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); Toxicity: many TOXIC. Note: Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: PhysalisView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: GROUND-CHERRY
Habit: Annual from taproot or perennial herb from rhizome; hairs branched or not, glandular or not. Leaf: +- opposite or not, entire to pinnate-lobed. Inflorescence: flowers 1--few per axil, pedicelled. Flower: generally nodding; calyx 5-lobed, enlarged and persistent, bladder-like in fruit; corolla +- rotate to shallowly bell-shaped, generally +- yellow, often dark-spotted adaxially; stamens 5, attached to hairy band in tube, anthers free, generally < filaments, opening by slits; style generally straight. Fruit: berry, fleshy [dry]. Seed: many, 2--2.5 mm, +- spheric to reniform.
Species In Genus: +- 85 species: America, Eurasia, Africa, Australia. Etymology: (Greek: bladder, from calyx in fruit) Toxicity: Unripe fruit often TOXIC. Needs study in western United States. Note: Some species cultivated for edible or ornamental fruit.

Physalis crassifolia Benth.
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb, subshrub, < 8 dm; hairs simple, dense, short, generally glandular. Stem: often zigzagged, ridged. Leaf: 1--3 cm, generally ovate, fleshy, entire or +- wavy; petiole +- = blade. Inflorescence: pedicel 15--30 mm, in fruit > calyx. Flower: calyx 4--7 mm, in fruit 20--25 mm, weak-angled; corolla 15--20 mm diam, widely bell-shaped, yellow; anthers 2--3 mm, yellow.
Ecology: Gravelly to rocky flats, washes, slopes; Elevation: < 1300 m. Bioregional Distribution: PR, s SNE, D; Distribution Outside California: Nevada, Arizona, northern Mexico. Flowering Time: Mar--May
Synonyms: Physalis crassifolia var. versicolor (Rydb.) Waterf.; Physalis greenei Vasey & Rose
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee
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botanical illustration including Physalis crassifolia

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Citation for this treatment: Michael H. Nee 2016. Physalis crassifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=38054, accessed on May 27, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 27, 2016.


Physalis crassifolia
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© 2012 Keir Morse
Physalis crassifolia
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© 2004 James M. Andre
Physalis crassifolia
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© 2010 Neal Kramer
Physalis crassifolia
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© 2012 Keir Morse
Physalis crassifolia
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© 2010 Steve Matson
Physalis crassifolia
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© 2004 James M. Andre

More photos of Physalis crassifolia in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Physalis crassifolia:
PR, s SNE, D;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.