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Phyllodoce breweri

Higher Taxonomy
Family: EricaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree. Stem: bark often peeling distinctively. Leaf: simple or 0, generally cauline, alternate, opposite (whorled), evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted; pedicel often with 2 bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, bell-shaped, cylindric, or urn-shaped; sepals generally (0)4--5, generally free; petals generally (0)4--5, free or fused; stamens (2--5)8--10, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers dehiscing by pores or slits, awns 0 or 2(4), seemingly abaxial, reduced or elongate, generally curved; nectary generally present at ovary base, generally disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 1--5, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1--many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry. Seed: generally many, winged or not.
Genera In Family: +- 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium. Note: Monophyletic only if Empetraceae included, as treated here. Ledum included in Rhododendron. Non-green plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Gary D. Wallace, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: PhyllodoceView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Shrub, generally matted, glabrous to glandular, generally rhizomed. Stem: decumbent, rooting, rough from persistent, decurrent leaf bases. Leaf: alternate, crowded, generally < 5 mm wide, needle-like, evergreen, leathery, abaxially channeled; margin strongly rolled under, abaxial surface < 1/3 visible. Inflorescence: raceme, bracts leaf-like; pedicel jointed to flower, bractlets 2. Flower: sepals 5, fused at base; corolla [urn- or ] cup-shaped, petals 5, +- 4/5 fused; stamens generally 10, anthers elongate, dehiscing by short separate slits, unawned; ovary superior, chambers 5, placentas axile. Fruit: capsule, septicidal, dehiscing tip to base. Seed: many per chamber, narrowly winged.
Species In Genus: 4--7 species: circumboreal. Etymology: (Greek: sea nymph; possibly leaf similar, from resemblance to Erica)

Phyllodoce breweri (A. Gray) Maxim.
Flower: sepals < 4.5 mm; corolla pink to rose-purple, tube < 4.5 mm, lobes < 3.5 mm; filaments > 2 × anthers.
Ecology: Moist rocky slopes, meadows, subalpine; Elevation: 1200--3500 m. Bioregional Distribution: s CaRH (Lassen Peak and nearby), SNH, SnBr; Distribution Outside California: NV. Flowering Time: Jul--Aug
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace
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botanical illustration including Phyllodoce breweri


Citation for this treatment: Gary D. Wallace 2016. Phyllodoce breweri, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 23, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 23, 2016.

Phyllodoce breweri
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© 2011 James M. Andre
Phyllodoce breweri
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© 2006 George W. Hartwell
Phyllodoce breweri
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© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Phyllodoce breweri
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© 2016 Steve Matson
Phyllodoce breweri
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© 2011 Aaron E. Sims
Phyllodoce breweri
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© 2010 George W. Hartwell

More photos of Phyllodoce breweri in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Phyllodoce breweri:
s CaRH (Lassen Peak and nearby), SNH, SnBr;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.