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Phyla nodiflora

Higher Taxonomy
Family: VerbenaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: VERVAIN FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub [tree], generally hairy. Leaf: cauline, opposite, generally toothed; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or head, generally elongated in fruit; bract generally 1 per flower. Flower: bisexual; calyx generally 4--5-toothed; corolla 4--5-lobed, radial to bilateral, salverform to 2-lipped; stamens 4--5 (if 4, generally in unequal pairs), epipetalous; ovary superior, 2- or 4-lobed, generally 2- chambered, style 1, often with 2 unequal lobes, only 1 stigmatic, lateral. Fruit: 2 or 4 nutlets, drupe-like, or capsule.
Genera In Family: +- 31 genera, +- 920 species: especially America tropics. Some cultivated (Lantana, Verbena, Vitex); some weedy worldwide (Lantana); some used for wood (Tectona, teak). Avicennia included in Acanthaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dieter H. Wilken
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PhylaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, generally mat-like. Stem: central generally stolon-like; branches decumbent to erect, glabrous or +- strigose. Leaf: opposite or clustered, strigose to appressed-hairy; hairs forked. Inflorescence: spike, +- spheric, becoming cylindric in fruit, dense; bracts ovate to wedge-shaped. Flower: calyx +- compressed, 2--4-toothed; corolla +- 2-lipped, tube generally > calyx; stamens 4; ovary 2-chambered, ovules 2, style lobes 2, stigma lateral. Fruit: nutlets 2.
Species In Genus: +- 15 species: warm temperate, subtropical America. Etymology: (Greek: clan or tribe, from clustered flowers)

Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
NATIVE
Stem: internodes generally < 4 cm; branches generally < 15 cm. Leaf: blade 5--30 mm, margin +- entire or generally serrate from mid-blade to tip. Inflorescence: 6--10 mm; peduncle 1.5--9 cm. Flower: corolla white to +- red. Chromosomes: 2n=36.
Ecology: Wet places, pond margins; Elevation: < 400 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW (exc KR, NCoRH), GV, CCo, SnFrB, SCo, ChI (Santa Cruz, Santa Catalina islands), PR, se DMoj, DSon; Distribution Outside California: warm temperate, tropics +- worldwide. Flowering Time: May--Nov Note: Questionably native; variation in leaf margin, leaf hairiness may reflect multiple introductions from elsewhere, including South America.
Synonyms: Phyla nodiflora var. canescens (Kunth) Moldenke; Phyla nodiflora var. incisa (Small) Moldenke; Phyla nodiflora var. reptans (Kunth) Moldenke; Phyla nodiflora var. rosea (D. Don) Moldenke
eFlora Treatment Author: Dieter H. Wilken
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botanical illustration including Phyla nodiflora

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Citation for this treatment: Dieter H. Wilken 2016. Phyla nodiflora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=37943, accessed on February 05, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 05, 2016.


Phyla nodiflora
click for enlargement
© 2007 Neal Kramer
Phyla nodiflora
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Phyla nodiflora
click for enlargement
© 2015 Barry Breckling
Phyla nodiflora
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse
Phyla nodiflora
click for enlargement
© 2015 Barry Breckling
Phyla nodiflora
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse

More photos of Phyla nodiflora in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Phyla nodiflora:
NW (exc KR, NCoRH), GV, CCo, SnFrB, SCo, ChI (Santa Cruz, Santa Catalina islands), PR, se DMoj, DSon;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.