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Phoenix canariensis
CANARY ISLAND PALM

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Arecaceae (Palmae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PALM FAMILY
Habit: [Subshrub, shrub], tree, evergreen; dioecious (monoecious), or flowers bisexual. Stem: erect [subterranean, creeping, climbing], slender to massive, smooth or covered with fibrous or prickly remains of leaf bases. Leaf: palmately or pinnately dissected or compound, alternate, forming a terminal crown; base sheathing; petiole generally long; blade including leaflets folded lengthwise. Inflorescence: panicle (spike), axillary; peduncle sheathed by 1+ large bracts; flowers many, generally +- sessile. Flower: generally small, +- radial; sepals, petals each generally 3, similar or not, fused at base or free; stamens generally 6; pistils 1, compound, or 3, simple, ovaries superior, if 1, generally 3-chambered, styles free or fused. Fruit: generally a drupe, fleshy or dry. Seed: generally 1.
Genera In Family: 1914 genera, 2500 species: tropics, subtropics. Note: Cult worldwide for food, ornamental, building material.
eFlora Treatment Author: Scott Simono
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PhoenixView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Dioecious. Leaf: pinnately compound; petiole generally armed, bases persistent on trunk; leaflet margins folded upward, proximal leaflets occasionally reduced, spine-like. Inflorescence: within crown, < leaves, flowers borne singly. Flower: perianth +- yellow; sepals fused proximally; petals generally free; pistils 3. Fruit: berry-like drupe, generally fleshy, sweet.
Species In Genus: 137 species: southern Europe, Africa, southern Asia, Philippines. Etymology: (Greek: name for date palm, meaning uncertain)

Phoenix canariensis Chabaud
NATURALIZED
Leaf: generally 5--7 m. Fruit: +- 2 cm, rounded to ovate, brown, pulp thin.
Ecology: Uncommon. Near development, disturbed areas; Elevation: < 1000 m. Bioregional Distribution: SnFrB, SCo; Distribution Outside California: native to Canary Islands. Flowering Time: Oct--Apr
eFlora Treatment Author: Scott Simono
Jepson Online Interchange
Weed listed by Cal-IPC

Previous taxon: Phoenix
Next taxon: Phoenix dactylifera

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Citation for this treatment: Scott Simono 2016. Phoenix canariensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=37878, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 03, 2016.


Phoenix canariensis
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Phoenix canariensis
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Phoenix canariensis
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Phoenix canariensis
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Phoenix canariensis
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© 2013 Dean Kelch
Phoenix canariensis
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer

More photos of Phoenix canariensis in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Phoenix canariensis:
SnFrB, SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.