Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Phoenix canariensis
CANARY ISLAND PALM

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Arecaceae (Palmae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PALM FAMILY
Habit: [Subshrub, shrub], tree, evergreen; dioecious (monoecious), or flowers bisexual. Stem: erect [subterranean, creeping, climbing], slender to massive, smooth or covered with fibrous or prickly remains of leaf bases. Leaf: palmately or pinnately dissected or compound, alternate, forming a terminal crown; base sheathing; petiole generally long; blade including leaflets folded lengthwise. Inflorescence: panicle (spike), axillary; peduncle sheathed by 1+ large bracts; flowers many, generally +- sessile. Flower: generally small, +- radial; sepals, petals each generally 3, similar or not, fused at base or free; stamens generally 6; pistils 1, compound, or 3, simple, ovaries superior, if 1, generally 3-chambered, styles free or fused. Fruit: generally a drupe, fleshy or dry. Seed: generally 1.
Genera In Family: 1914 genera, 2500 species: tropics, subtropics. Note: Cult worldwide for food, ornamental, building material.
eFlora Treatment Author: Scott Simono
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PhoenixView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Dioecious. Leaf: pinnately compound; petiole generally armed, bases persistent on trunk; leaflet margins folded upward, proximal leaflets occasionally reduced, spine-like. Inflorescence: within crown, < leaves, flowers borne singly. Flower: perianth +- yellow; sepals fused proximally; petals generally free; pistils 3. Fruit: berry-like drupe, generally fleshy, sweet.
Species In Genus: 137 species: southern Europe, Africa, southern Asia, Philippines. Etymology: (Greek: name for date palm, meaning uncertain)

Phoenix canariensis Chabaud
NATURALIZED
Leaf: generally 5--7 m. Fruit: +- 2 cm, rounded to ovate, brown, pulp thin.
Ecology: Uncommon. Near development, disturbed areas; Elevation: < 1000 m. Bioregional Distribution: SnFrB, SCo; Distribution Outside California: native to Canary Islands. Flowering Time: Oct--Apr
eFlora Treatment Author: Scott Simono
Jepson Online Interchange
Weed listed by Cal-IPC

Previous taxon: Phoenix
Next taxon: Phoenix dactylifera

Name Search

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Scott Simono 2016. Phoenix canariensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=37878, accessed on May 25, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 25, 2016.


Phoenix canariensis
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Phoenix canariensis
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Phoenix canariensis
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Phoenix canariensis
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Phoenix canariensis
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Phoenix canariensis
click for enlargement
© 2013 Dean Kelch

More photos of Phoenix canariensis in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Phoenix canariensis:
SnFrB, SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.