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Philadelphus microphyllus
LITTLELEAF MOCK ORANGE


Higher Taxonomy
Family: HydrangeaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: HYDRANGEA FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb to small tree or vine. Stem: < 3 m, generally erect; bark generally peeling as thin sheets or narrow strips. Leaf: generally simple, opposite, deciduous or not, +- hairy; stipules 0; blade +- round to narrowly elliptic, entire or toothed. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flower 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted. Flower: bisexual, radial, flowers on inflorescence margins occasionally sterile and enlarged; sepals 4--10, free or fused at base, spreading or erect; petals 4--7, free, +- round to narrowly elliptic; stamens 8--12 in 2 whorls or many and clustered, filament base linear or wide and flat; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 2--8, ovules 1--2 or many per chamber, placentas axile or parietal, styles 1--8, free or fused at base. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal or septicidal; styles persistent or not. Seed: generally many, small to minute, oblong to fusiform, winged or not.
Genera In Family: 18 genera, +- 250 species: generally temperate, subtropical northern hemisphere; some cultivated for ornamental (Carpenteria, Hydrangea, Philadelphus). Note: Philadelphaceae in TJM (1993).
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Charles F. Quibell
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PhiladelphusView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: MOCK ORANGE
Habit: Shrub < 3 m. Stem: bark red-brown, aging gray, peeling as narrow rectangles or strips; twigs glabrous to hairy. Leaf: deciduous, petioled; blade 3-veined from base, +- glabrous to hairy, margin entire to toothed. Inflorescence: flower 1, or raceme to panicle, terminal, +- open. Flower: fragrant; sepals 4--5, glabrous to hairy; petals 4--5, white; stamens generally many, clustered, filaments linear, fused at base; ovary 1/2 to completely inferior, chambers 4--5, placentas axile, ovules many, style 1, branches generally 4, stigmas linear along style branches. Fruit: becoming woody, generally loculicidal. Seed: many, generally fusiform, generally brown.
Species In Genus: +- 65 species: temperate America, Eurasia. Etymology: (Greek: for Ptolemy Philadelphus, Greek king of Egypt, 309--247 BC) Note: Many intergrading infraspecific taxa described; more study needed to determine which warrant recognition.
Reference: Frazier 1999 New Mexico Botanist 13:1--6
Unabridged Reference: Hitchcock 1943 Madroño 7:35--56; Hu 1956 J Arnold Arbor 37:15--90
Philadelphus microphyllus A. Gray
NATIVE
Leaf: petiole 5--18 mm; blade 3--8 mm wide, narrowly ovate to elliptic, margin entire, +- rolled under. Flower: sepals 3--5 mm, petals 6--8 mm, widely elliptic.
Ecology: Rocky slopes, cliffs, pinyon/juniper woodland; Elevation: 1340--2840 m. Bioregional Distribution: e PR (SnJt, Santa Rosa Mtns), W&I, e DMtns; Distribution Outside California: to Texas, northern Mexico. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Synonyms: Philadelphus microphyllus var. stramineus (Rydb.) Henrickson; Philadelphus microphyllus subsp. pumilus (Rydb.) C.L. Hitchc.; Philadelphus microphyllus var. pumilus (Rydb.) Henrickson; Philadelphus microphyllus subsp. stramineus (Rydb.) C.L. Hitchc.; Philadelphus pumilus Rydb.; Philadelphus stramineus Rydb.
Jepson eFlora Author: Robert E. Preston & Charles F. Quibell
Reference: Frazier 1999 New Mexico Botanist 13:1--6
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Botanical illustration including Philadelphus microphyllus

botanical illustration including Philadelphus microphyllus

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Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & Charles F. Quibell 2012, Philadelphus microphyllus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=37696, accessed on October 16, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on October 16, 2019.

Philadelphus microphyllus
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse
Philadelphus microphyllus
click for enlargement
© 2015 Steve Matson
Philadelphus microphyllus
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse
Philadelphus microphyllus
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse
Philadelphus microphyllus
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse
Philadelphus microphyllus
click for enlargement
© 2015 Steve Matson

More photos of Philadelphus microphyllus in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Philadelphus microphyllus:
e PR (SnJt, Santa Rosa Mtns), W&I, e DMtns
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.