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Layia platyglossa
TIDY-TIPS

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Asteraceae (Compositae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SUNFLOWER FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, alternate, opposite, rarely whorled, simple to 2+ × compound. Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, resembling a flower, of several types (see below), 1--many in generally +- cyme-like cluster; each head generally with +- calyx-like involucre of 1--many series of phyllaries (involucre bracts); receptacle of head flat to conic or columnar, paleate (bearing paleae = receptacle bracts) or epaleate; flowers 1--many per head. Flower: bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, +- small, of several types (see below); calyx 0 or modified into +- persistent pappus of bristles, scales, and/or awns; corolla radial or bilateral (0), lobes generally (0)3--5; stamens 4--5, filaments generally free, generally fused to corolla at tube/throat junction, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, anther base generally rounded or cordate (deeply sagittate or with tail-like appendages), tip (= flattened appendage) generally projecting beyond pollen sac; pistil 1, 2-carpeled, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, placenta basal, style 1, tip generally +- 2-branched (except in some staminate disk flowers), branch tips truncate or generally bearing +- brush-like appendages; stigmas 2, generally on adaxial faces of style branches. Fruit: achene (also called a cypsela) (drupe in Chrysanthemoides), cylindric to ovoid, sometimes compressed, generally deciduous with pappus attached.
Genera In Family: +- 1500 genera, 23000 species: worldwide, many habitats. Note: Flower and head types differ in form and sexual condition. A disk flower has a generally radial corolla, with a cylindric tube, expanded throat, and generally 5 lobes. Disk flowers are generally bisexual and fertile but occasionally staminate with reduced ovaries. Discoid heads comprise only disk flowers. A radiant head is a variant of a discoid head, with peripheral disk flower corollas expanded, often bilateral. A ray flower corolla is bilateral, generally with a slender tube and flattened petal-like ray (single lip composed of generally 3 lobes). Ray flowers are generally pistillate or sterile (occasionally lacking styles). Radiate heads have peripheral ray flowers and central disk flowers. Disciform heads superficially resemble discoid heads, with pistillate or sterile flowers that lack rays, together with or separate from disk flowers. A ligulate flower is bisexual, with a bilateral, generally ephemeral corolla and 5-lobed ligule. Liguliflorous heads comprise only ligulate flowers. See glossary p. 31 for illustrations of family characteristics. Echinops sphaerocephalus L., Gaillardia aristata Pursh, Gaillardia pulchella Foug., Hymenothrix loomisii S.F. Blake, Tagetes erecta L., Thelesperma megapotamicum (Spreng.) Kuntze are waifs. Melampodium perfoliatum Kunth, historic urban waif. Ageratum conyzoides L., Guizotia abyssinica (L. f.) Cass., Santolina chamaecyparisus L., orth. var. are rare or uncommon escapes from cultivation. Dyssodia papposa, Ismelia carinata (Schousb.) Sch. Bip. [Chrysanthemum carinatum Schousb.], Mantisalca salmantica (L.) Briq. & Cavill. are historical or extirpated waifs in California. Inula helenium L. not documented in California. Taxa of Aster in TJM (1993) treated here in Almutaster, Eucephalus, Eurybia, Ionactis, Oreostemma, Sericocarpus, Symphyotrichum; Chamomilla in Matricaria; Cnicus in Centaurea; Conyza in Erigeron and Laennecia; Dugaldia in Hymenoxys; Erechtites in Senecio; Hymenoclea in Ambrosia; Lembertia in Monolopia; Osteospermum ecklonis in Dimorphotheca; Picris echioides in Helminthotheca; Prionopsis in Grindelia; Raillardiopsis in Anisocarpus and Carlquistia; Schkuhria multiflora in Bahia; Trimorpha in Erigeron; Venidium in Arctotis; Whitneya in Arnica. Taxa of Arida in TJM2 (2012) treated here in Leucosyris.
Unabridged Note: Largest family of vascular plants in California and of eudicots globally.
eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil, except as noted
Scientific Editor: David J. Keil, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: LayiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual 2--6(13) dm. Stem: generally ascending to erect, often glandular, generally +- purple or brown. Leaf: basal in rosette or opposite, cauline generally alternate, sessile, generally linear to lanceolate, or oblanceolate, minutely dentate to (2-)pinnately lobed, glabrous or hairy, distal often stalked-glandular. Inflorescence: heads generally radiate, 1 or in +- open clusters; involucre +- hemispheric to bell-shaped, obconic, or urn-shaped, 2--15+ mm diam; phyllaries 1 per ray flower, in 1(2) series, lanceolate to oblanceolate, generally folded completely around ray ovary, falling with fruit, generally +- hairy or scabrous, often glandular; receptacle flat to slightly convex, minutely bristly, paleae free, generally in 1 series between ray and disk flowers, or subtending +- each disk flower, phyllary-like, more scarious. Ray Flower: (0)3--27; corolla white, often aging +- pink, to yellow or proximally yellow and distally pale yellow or +- white. Disk Flower: ; Fruit: generally 2--5 mm, generally club-shaped, black; ray fruit compressed front-to-back, +- curved, beakless, glabrous or sparsely hairy, pappus 0; disk fruit +- straight, generally +- hairy, pappus 0 or of 1--32 awns, scales, or bristles.
Species In Genus: 14 species: western North America. Etymology: (George T. Lay, early 19th century English plant collector) Note: Generally self-sterile (except Layia carnosa, Layia hieracioides, sometimes Layia chrysanthemoides).
eFlora Treatment Author: Bruce G. Baldwin & Susan J. Bainbridge

Layia platyglossa (Fisch. & C.A. Mey.) A. Gray
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 3--70 cm, decumbent to erect, glandular, not strongly scented. Stem: generally not purple-streaked. Leaf: 4--100(120) mm, linear to lanceolate or oblanceolate, proximal lobed +- 1/2 to midvein. Inflorescence: peduncle < 13 cm; involucre 4--15+ mm diam, hemispheric; phyllaries 4--18 mm, tip often > (sometimes <) folded base, basal margins interlocked by cottony hairs. Ray Flower: 5--18; ray 3--21 mm, yellow throughout or distally white. Disk Flower: 6--120+; corolla 3.5--6 mm; anthers generally +- dark purple, sometimes yellow to +- brown in SW. Fruit: ray fruit glabrous or sparsely hairy, dull; disk pappus of (0 or 11)14--32 bristles or bristle-like scales, 1--6 mm, +- equal, white to +- brown, generally scabrous throughout, generally not plumose and not adaxially woolly, sometimes short-plumose proximally and woolly adaxially in SW. Chromosomes: 2n=14.
Ecology: Common. Many habitats; Elevation: < 2000 m. Bioregional Distribution: s NCo, s NCoRI, GV, CW, SW, w edge DMoj; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon, Baja California. Flowering Time: Feb--Jul
Synonyms: Layia platyglossa subsp. campestris D.D. Keck
eFlora Treatment Author: Bruce G. Baldwin & Susan J. Bainbridge
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Previous taxon: Layia pentachaeta subsp. pentachaeta
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Citation for this treatment: Bruce G. Baldwin & Susan J. Bainbridge 2016. Layia platyglossa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=3757, accessed on August 26, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on August 26, 2016.


Layia platyglossa
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© 2006 Christopher L. Christie
Layia platyglossa
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© 1999 John Game
Layia platyglossa
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© 1994 Gary A. Monroe
Layia platyglossa
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© 2010 Neal Kramer
Layia platyglossa
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© 2003 Christopher L. Christie
Layia platyglossa
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© 2003 Christopher L. Christie

More photos of Layia platyglossa in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Layia platyglossa:
s NCo, s NCoRI, GV, CW, SW, w edge DMoj;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.