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Petroselinum crispum
PARSLEY

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: CARROT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb [shrub, tree], generally from taproot. Stem: generally +- scapose, generally ribbed, hollow. Leaf: basal and generally cauline, generally alternate; stipules generally 0; petiole base generally sheathing stem; blade generally much dissected, occasionally compound. Inflorescence: umbel or head, simple or compound, generally peduncled; bracts present in involucres or 0; bractlets generally present in "involucels". Flower: many, small, generally bisexual (or some staminate), generally radial (or outer bilateral); calyx 0 or lobes 5, small; petals 5, free, generally ovate or spoon-shaped, generally incurved at tips, generally +- ephemeral; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-chambered, generally with a +- conic, persistent projection or platform at tip subtending 2 free styles. Fruit: 2 dry, 1-seeded halves (= mericarps), separating from each other but generally +- persistent to central axis; ribs on halves 5, 2 marginal, 3 to back; oil tubes 1--several per interval between ribs.
Genera In Family: 300 genera, 3000 species: +- worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for food or spice (e.g., Carum, caraway; Daucus; Petroselinum); Bupleurum lancifolium Hornem. is historical garden weed; some toxic (e.g., Conium). Note: Mature fruit generally critical in identification, shape given in outline. Hydrocotyle moved to Araliaceae. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W. Hill is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PetroselinumView Description 

Habit: Biennial, taprooted, glabrous. Stem: erect, branched. Leaf: blade oblong to triangular-ovate, 1--3-pinnate or ternate-pinnate, leaflets lance-linear to obovate, toothed or lobed. Inflorescence: umbels compound; bracts 0--few, narrow; bractlets several, narrow; rays, pedicels few to +- many, spreading-ascending. Flower: calyx lobes minute; petals wide, +- green-yellow or white. Fruit: oblong to ovate, +- compressed side-to-side; ribs thread-like; oil tube 1 per rib-interval; fruit axis divided to base. Seed: face flat.
Species In Genus: 2 species: Eurasia (1 cultivated, occasionally weedy). Etymology: (Greek: stone wreath; name used by Dioscorides)

Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W. Hill
WAIF
Habit: Plant 3--13 dm. Leaf: basal petiole 1--2 dm; basal blade 3--10 cm, +- ovate, 1--3-pinnate; 1° leaflets of proximal leaves 2--5 cm, obovate to lance-ovate, toothed, lobed; cauline leaves +- sessile, 1-ternate, leaflets generally lance-linear, entire or 3-lobed. Inflorescence: peduncle 3--8 cm; rays 10--20, 1--5 cm, +- equal; pedicels 2--5 mm. Fruit: 2--4 mm +- ovate. Chromosomes: 2n=22.
Ecology: Disturbed areas; Elevation: < 1000 m. Bioregional Distribution: n SNF, CCo, MP; Distribution Outside California: native to Europe. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax
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Citation for this treatment: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax 2016. Petroselinum crispum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=37376, accessed on February 14, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 14, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Petroselinum crispum:
n SNF, CCo, MP;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.