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|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
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|Family: Poaceae (Gramineae)||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Pennisetum||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Pennisetum clandestinum Chiov.
Habit: Mat-forming perennial herb from stolons and rhizomes. Stem: vegetative stem spreading; flower stem decumbent, 0.3--4.5 dm. Leaf: sheath 1--10 cm, glabrous or hairy, +- inflated; ligule +- 1--2 mm; blade 1.5--3 cm, 1--6 mm wide, upper surface glabrous to short-hairy, flat or folded, tip obtuse. Inflorescence: raceme-like, 1--2.7 cm; 1° axis flattened, +- enclosed by sheath at maturity; branches < 0.5 cm, glabrous; inner and outer bristles 6--15, <= 11 mm; terminal bristle 10--14 mm. Spikelet: 10--20 mm, +- 1 mm wide, lanceolate, gray-green; lower glume +- 1--2 mm, 0 or 1-veined; upper glume +- = spikelet length; lower floret lemma 9--13-veined, tip acuminate, palea 2--7-veined; upper floret slightly < lower floret. Chromosomes: 2n=36.
Ecology: Disturbed areas; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, CaRH, c SNF, ScV, CCo, SnFrB, SCo, n ChI (Santa Cruz, San Miguel islands), PR, D; Distribution Outside California: Arizona to South America; native to Africa. Flowering Time: All year Note: Often used for fodder or as lawn grass. Canada sequester toxic levels of nitrates and soluble oxalates.
eFlora Treatment Author: James P. Smith, Jr.
Jepson Online Interchange
Previous taxon: Pennisetum ciliare
Next taxon: Pennisetum setaceum
Citation for this treatment: James P. Smith, Jr. 2017. Pennisetum clandestinum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=36818, accessed on February 20, 2017.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 20, 2017.