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Vascular Plants of California
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Pedicularis contorta
CURVED-BEAK LOUSEWORT


Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BROOMRAPE FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 101 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche and Phelipanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe. Taxa of Orobanche in TJM2 treated here in Aphyllon and Phelipanche.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PedicularisView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: LOUSEWORT
Habit: Perennial herb, +- green. Stem: decumbent to erect, generally 1--several from generally short caudex. Leaf: alternate, generally +- basal, generally < inflorescence, toothed or generally > 7-lobed, generally reduced distally on stem; petiole generally < blade. Inflorescence: raceme, spike-like; bracts (at least proximal) generally +- like distal leaves; pedicels 1--6 mm. Flower: calyx lobes (2,4)5, distal-most generally shortest (all generally < tube), lateral fused in pairs; corolla white or yellow to red or purple, upper lip hood- or beak-like, curved or not, lower lip 3-lobed, narrow to fan-shaped, central lobe generally smallest; fertile stamens 4, generally glabrous, anthers generally included, sacs 2 per stamen, equal; stigma head-like, generally exserted. Fruit: generally +- ovate or lanceolate in outline, asymmetric, opening mostly on upper side. Seed: smooth or netted.
Species In Genus: +- 500 species: cool wet northern temperate, circumboreal, South America. Etymology: (Latin: lice, from belief that ingestion by stock promoted lice infestation)
eFlora Treatment Author: Linda Ann Vorobik
Reference: Ree 2005 Int J Pl Sci 166:595--613
Pedicularis contorta Benth.
NATIVE
Stem: 15--40 cm, subglabrous. Leaf: basal 3--18 cm, lance-oblong; segments 25--41, linear, entire to serrate. Inflorescence: 5--28 cm; bracts generally < flowers, ciliate. Flower: calyx 6--10 mm, ciliate, sometimes hairy; corolla 10--13 mm, white to +- yellow, upper lip 4--5.5 mm, beak curved downward, not like an elephant's trunk, lower lip 5--8 mm, +- fan-like; anthers 2.5--3 mm, base acute. Fruit: 6--10 mm. Seed: 2--2.5 mm, surface finely netted.
Ecology: Bogs, meadows, streamsides, moist, open montane conifer forest; Elevation: 1600--2400 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR; Distribution Outside California: to western Canada, Montana, Wyoming, Utah. Flowering Time: Jul--Aug
Jepson eFlora Author: Linda Ann Vorobik
Reference: Ree 2005 Int J Pl Sci 166:595--613
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Botanical illustration including Pedicularis contorta

botanical illustration including Pedicularis contorta

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Citation for this treatment: Linda Ann Vorobik 2012, Pedicularis contorta, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=36560, accessed on December 13, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 13, 2019.

Pedicularis contorta
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© 2011 Vernon Smith
Pedicularis contorta
click for enlargement
© 2000 John Game
Pedicularis contorta
click for enlargement
© 2011 Vernon Smith
Pedicularis contorta
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling
Pedicularis contorta var. contorta
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© 2011 Christopher L. Christie
Pedicularis contorta
click for enlargement
© 2000 John Game

More photos of Pedicularis contorta in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Pedicularis contorta:
KR
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.