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    Vascular Plants of California
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Pastinaca sativa

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to perennial herb [shrub, tree], generally from taproot. Stem: generally +- scapose, generally ribbed, hollow. Leaf: basal and generally cauline, generally alternate; stipules generally 0; petiole base generally sheathing stem; blade generally much dissected, occasionally compound. Inflorescence: umbel or head, simple or compound, generally peduncled; bracts present in involucres or 0; bractlets generally present in "involucels". Flower: many, small, generally bisexual (or some staminate), generally radial (or outer bilateral); calyx 0 or lobes 5, small; petals 5, free, generally ovate or spoon-shaped, generally incurved at tips, generally +- ephemeral; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-chambered, generally with a +- conic, persistent projection or platform at tip subtending 2 free styles. Fruit: 2 dry, 1-seeded halves (= mericarps), separating from each other but generally +- persistent to central axis; ribs on halves 5, 2 marginal, 3 to back; oil tubes 1--several per interval between ribs.
Genera In Family: 300 genera, 3000 species: +- worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for food or spice (e.g., Carum, caraway; Daucus; Petroselinum); Bupleurum lancifolium Hornem. is historical garden weed; some toxic (e.g., Conium). Note: Mature fruit generally critical in identification, shape given in outline. Hydrocotyle moved to Araliaceae, Orogenia moved to Lomatium, Sphenosciadium moved to Angelica. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W. Hill is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PastinacaView Description 

Common Name: PARSNIP
Habit: Biennial, perennial herb, taprooted, +- glabrous to hairy. Stem: erect, branched. Leaf: blade oblong to triangular-ovate, 1--2-pinnate, leaflets oblong to ovate. Inflorescence: umbels compound; bracts generally 0; bractlets generally 0; rays 5--20, pedicels many, rays and pedicels spreading-ascending. Flower: calyx lobes minute; petals wide, yellow [orange], tips narrowed. Fruit: oblong to obovate, compressed front-to-back; ribs unequal, marginal narrowly winged, others thread-like; oil tube 1 per rib-interval, all equal in length; fruit axis divided to base. Seed: face flat.
Species In Genus: +- 10 species: Eurasia. Etymology: (Ancient name for parsnip)
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax

Pastinaca sativa L.
Habit: Biennial, 0.5--2 m, +- glabrous to puberulent. Stem: conspicuously angled, grooved. Leaf: petiole 1--1.5 cm; blade 1.5--3 dm, oblong to ovate, 1-pinnate, leaflets 5--11, 5--10 cm, oblong to ovate, coarsely serrate and lobed or divided. Inflorescence: peduncle 7--15 cm. Fruit: 4--6 mm wide, oblong to round. Chromosomes: 2n=22.
Ecology: Roadsides, disturbed areas; Elevation: < 1600 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoRO, NCoRI, CaRH, ScV, CCo, TR, MP; Distribution Outside California: to eastern United States; native to Eurasia. Flowering Time: Jul--Aug Note: Sporadic.
Jepson eFlora Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax
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Citation for this treatment: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax 2012, Pastinaca sativa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 09, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 09, 2018.

Geographic subdivisions for Pastinaca sativa:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.