Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Passiflora caerulea

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PassifloraceaeView Description 

Habit: Vine [(annual), shrub, tree]. Stem: tendrils present or not. Leaf: petioled, alternate [opposite], palmately lobed to unlobed [compound], entire to serrate, generally glandular, palmately [pinnately] veined; stipuled. Inflorescence: axillary, 1--2 per node [cymes]; flowers generally bracted. Flower: radial [bilateral], with a tube, cup, or disk from fused sepals and petals [and stamen filaments]; sepals [3]5[8], petals [3]5[8] or 0; generally a whorl of filamentous structures or knobs ("corona") at edge of hypanthium, generally brightly colored; stamens [4]5[+- 25], attached just below ovary [or edge of hypanthium]; ovary stalked to +- sessile, carpels 3, chamber 1, placentas parietal, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: berry [capsule]. Seed: generally many, generally flattened, with aril.
Genera In Family: 17 genera, +- 750 species: worldwide tropics, some temperate.
eFlora Treatment Author: Douglas H. Goldman
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PassifloraView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Stem: round to angled, tendrils in axils. Leaf: glandular or not, glabrous to hairy; stipules minute to leaf-like, glandular or not, persistent or not. Inflorescence: generally 1 per node; generally bracted, bracts minute to leaf-like, glandular or not. Flower: +- green to brightly colored; anthers easily rotated; ovary generally stalked, styles 3 [4], stigmas rounded to lobed.
Species In Genus: +- 540 species: edible juice from arils of some species. Etymology: (Latin: passion or suffering + flower, for flower symbolizing Christ's crucifixion) Note: Many species popular in horticulture.

Passiflora caerulea L.
Leaf: margin +- entire, occasionally serrate at lobe bases; stipules persistent. Flower: generally erect; corona filaments generally striped white and purple (all white); stigmas +- lobed. Fruit: 3--5 cm, 3--3.5 cm wide, ovoid to ellipsoid, yellow-orange to orange. Chromosomes: n=9.
Ecology: Open woodland, chaparral margins, disturbed areas; Elevation: < 400 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo, WTR, PR; Distribution Outside California: native to central South America. Flowering Time: Mar--Jun
Unabridged Note: Cold-hardy to +- -20°C.
eFlora Treatment Author: Douglas H. Goldman
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Passiflora
Next taxon: Passiflora tarminiana

Name Search


Citation for this treatment: Douglas H. Goldman 2016. Passiflora caerulea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 06, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 06, 2016.

Passiflora caerulea
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Passiflora caerulea
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Passiflora caerulea
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Passiflora caerulea
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Passiflora caerulea
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer

More photos of Passiflora caerulea in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Passiflora caerulea:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.