Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Parthenocissus inserta
WOODBINE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: VitaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: GRAPE FAMILY
Habit: Woody vine [shrub]; tendrils opposite leaves. Stem: generally lenticelled. Leaf: alternate, simple or compound, petioled, deciduous; stipules generally deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, generally opposite leaf, peduncled. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals generally reduced, generally fused, lobes 0 or 5; petals generally 5, free, reflexed, falling individually, or adherent at tips, +- erect, falling as unit, +- red or +- yellow; stamens generally 5, opposite petals; nectaries 0 or between stamens as +- free glands; ovary 1, superior, chambers generally 2(4), style 1 or 0, stigma inconspicuous or head-like. Fruit: berry. Seed: 1--6.
Genera In Family: 15 genera, +- 800 species: especially warm regions; some cultivated (Cissus, grape ivy; Parthenocissus, Virginia creeper; Vitis, grape).
eFlora Treatment Author: Eric B. Wada & M. Andrew Walker, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ParthenocissusView Description 

Common Name: VIRGINIA CREEPER
Stem: bark not peeling; stem center white, not partitioned at nodes; tendril tips generally with adhering disks. Leaf: palmately compound; leaflets 3--7, coarsely serrate. Inflorescence: cyme. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx red, lobes shallow; petals free, +- red, margins +- green; nectaries obscure or 0. Fruit: obovoid. Seed: 1--4, obovoid.
Species In Genus: 15 species: temperate, tropics. Etymology: (Greek: virgin ivy)
eFlora Treatment Author: Eric B. Wada, M. Andrew Walker & Michael O. Moore

Parthenocissus inserta (A. Kern.) Fritsch
NATURALIZED
Stem: tendril branches few, tips generally without adherent disks. Leaf: leaflet adaxially glossy, glabrous, abaxially +- dull, glabrous to hairy. Inflorescence: forked at peduncle tip, again above or not. Fruit: 9--12 mm wide, dark blue to black. Chromosomes: 2n=40.
Ecology: Uncommon. Hillsides, thickets, ravines, open woodland, roadsides; Elevation: < 1000 m. Bioregional Distribution: GV, CW, SW; Distribution Outside California: to Texas, northeastern United States. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun Note: In TJM (1993) treated as native to California, possibly correctly.
Synonyms: Parthenocissus vitacea (Knerr) Hitchc.
eFlora Treatment Author: Eric B. Wada, M. Andrew Walker & Michael O. Moore
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Citation for this treatment: Eric B. Wada, M. Andrew Walker & Michael O. Moore 2016. Parthenocissus inserta, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=36346, accessed on July 23, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on July 23, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Parthenocissus inserta:
GV, CW, SW;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.