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Parnassia fimbriata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ParnassiaceaeView Description 

Common Name: GRASS-OF-PARNASSUS FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from caudex or rhizome [annual], generally glabrous, often with +- red marks on leaves, flowers when dry. Stem: scape with generally 1 leaf-like bract [scape 0]. Leaf: simple, basal [cauline], alternate [subopposite], generally petioled, often with +- red marks when dry; veins +- palmate. Inflorescence: 1-flowered [cyme]. Flower: generally bisexual, +- radial; hypanthium minute, free from ovary; calyx lobes generally 5; petals generally 5 [0], free, generally white; stamens generally 5, opposite sepals; staminodes generally 5, alternate stamens, lobes generally present, thread-like to oblong, gland-tipped; pistil 1, ovary superior, chamber +- 1, placentas 4 [3], axile below, parietal above, styles very short, stigmas [3]4. Fruit: [3]4-valved capsule. Seed: many, winged, netted.
Genera In Family: 2 genera, +- 70 species: northern temperate, low arctic, alpine, temp South America (Lepuropetalon, Parnassia). Note: Formerly included in Saxifragaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter W. Ball
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ParnassiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: GRASS-OF-PARNASSUS
Leaf: basal, blade ovate to reniform, entire, base tapered to cordate. Flower: petals white, with yellow, green or gray-brown lines.
Species In Genus: +- 70 species. Etymology: (Mount Parnassus, Greece)

Parnassia fimbriata K.D. Koenig
NATIVE
Leaf: 8--16 cm; blade 1--5 cm, round-reniform to reniform, base cordate. Inflorescence: 10--40 cm; bract generally above scape middle, ovate, base cordate, clasping. Flower: calyx lobes 3--6 mm, elliptic, irregularly small-dentate to short-fringed, generally spreading to ascending; petals 7--14 mm, obovate, fringed basally; staminodes 3--5 mm, lobes < 9, oblong, often unequal, tips flat, round; anthers 1.5--2.5 mm. Fruit: 8--12 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=36.
Ecology: Uncommon. Wet banks, meadows, rocky seeps; Elevation: 1500--2700 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, SNH, Wrn, W&I; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, Alberta, Colorado. Flowering Time: Jul--Sep
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter W. Ball
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Previous taxon: Parnassia cirrata var. intermedia
Next taxon: Parnassia palustris

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botanical illustration including Parnassia fimbriata

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Citation for this treatment: Peter W. Ball 2016. Parnassia fimbriata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=36276, accessed on February 05, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 05, 2016.


Parnassia fimbriata
click for enlargement
© 1977 Gary A. Monroe
Parnassia fimbriata
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© 2012 Dana York
Parnassia fimbriata
click for enlargement
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Parnassia fimbriata
click for enlargement
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Parnassia fimbriata
click for enlargement
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Parnassia fimbriata
click for enlargement
© 2014 Julie Kierstead Nelson

More photos of Parnassia fimbriata in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Parnassia fimbriata:
KR, SNH, Wrn, W&I;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.