Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Parnassia fimbriata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ParnassiaceaeView Description 
Habit: Perennial herb from caudex or rhizome [annual], generally glabrous, often with +- red marks on leaves, flowers when dry. Stem: scape with generally 1 leaf-like bract [scape 0]. Leaf: simple, basal [cauline], alternate [subopposite], generally petioled, often with +- red marks when dry; veins +- palmate. Inflorescence: 1-flowered [cyme]. Flower: generally bisexual, +- radial; hypanthium minute, free from ovary; calyx lobes generally 5; petals generally 5 [0], free, generally white; stamens generally 5, opposite sepals; staminodes generally 5, alternate stamens, lobes generally present, thread-like to oblong, gland-tipped; pistil 1, ovary superior, chamber +- 1, placentas 4 [3], axile below, parietal above, styles very short, stigmas [3]4. Fruit: [3]4-valved capsule. Seed: many, winged, netted.
Genera In Family: 2 genera, +- 70 species: northern temperate, low arctic, alpine, temp South America (Lepuropetalon, Parnassia). Note: Formerly included in Saxifragaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter W. Ball
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ParnassiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Leaf: basal, blade ovate to reniform, entire, base tapered to cordate. Flower: petals white, with yellow, green or gray-brown lines.
Species In Genus: +- 70 species. Etymology: (Mount Parnassus, Greece)
Unabridged Reference: R.B. Phillips 1980, Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ of California, Berkeley
Parnassia fimbriata K.D. Koenig
Leaf: 8--16 cm; blade 1--5 cm, round-reniform to reniform, base cordate. Inflorescence: 10--40 cm; bract generally above scape middle, ovate, base cordate, clasping. Flower: calyx lobes 3--6 mm, elliptic, irregularly small-dentate to short-fringed, generally spreading to ascending; petals 7--14 mm, obovate, fringed basally; staminodes 3--5 mm, lobes < 9, oblong, often unequal, tips flat, round; anthers 1.5--2.5 mm. Fruit: 8--12 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=36.
Ecology: Uncommon. Wet banks, meadows, rocky seeps; Elevation: 1500--2700 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, SNH, Wrn, W&I; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, Alberta, Colorado. Flowering Time: Jul--Sep
Jepson eFlora Author: Peter W. Ball
Unabridged Reference: R.B. Phillips 1980, Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ of California, Berkeley
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Botanical illustration including Parnassia fimbriata

botanical illustration including Parnassia fimbriata


Citation for this treatment: Peter W. Ball 2012, Parnassia fimbriata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 23, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 23, 2019.

Parnassia fimbriata
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© 2012 Dana York
Parnassia fimbriata
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© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Parnassia fimbriata
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© 1997 John Game
Parnassia fimbriata
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© 1977 Gary A. Monroe
Parnassia fimbriata
click for enlargement
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Parnassia fimbriata
click for enlargement
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe

More photos of Parnassia fimbriata in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Parnassia fimbriata:
KR, SNH, Wrn, W&I;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.