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Parentucellia viscosa

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BROOMRAPE FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: ParentucelliaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, green, sticky-hairy, generally erect and unbranched in California. Leaf: generally opposite, sessile, toothed Inflorescence: raceme, spike-like, bracted. Flower: calyx 4-lobed, lobes +- equal, +- lanceolate; corolla 2-lipped, yellow or red-purple, upper lip entire or notched, forming hood, lower lip > upper, 3-lobed; stamens 4, in 2 pairs, included in upper corolla lip, anthers hairy, awned at base. Fruit: cylindric. Seed: many, minute, smooth.
Species In Genus: 2 species: western Europe, Mediterranean, central Asia. Etymology: (Tomaso Parentucelli, early Renaissance librarian to Cosimo de' Medici in Florence; as humanist Pope Nicholas V, 1447--1455, established Vatican library and gardens)

Parentucellia viscosa (L.) Caruel
NATURALIZED
Stem: < 50 cm. Leaf: 20--40 mm, lanceolate, serrate, green throughout. Inflorescence: dense; bracts leaf-like. Flower: calyx 10--16 mm, lobes lanceolate; corolla +- 20 mm, throat 2-ridged. Fruit: slightly > calyx tube, hairy.
Ecology: Damp, grassy places; Elevation: generally < 700 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, NCoRO, NCoRI, CaRF, n&c SNF, ScV, CCo; Distribution Outside California: Oregon; native to Europe. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax
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Previous taxon: Parentucellia latifolia
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botanical illustration including Parentucellia viscosa

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Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax 2016. Parentucellia viscosa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=36250, accessed on February 08, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 08, 2016.


Parentucellia viscosa
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© 2013 Neal Kramer
Parentucellia viscosa
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© 2015 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Parentucellia viscosa
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© 2011 California Academy of Sciences
Parentucellia viscosa
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© 2006 George W. Hartwell
Parentucellia viscosa
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© 2007 Carol W. Witham
Parentucellia viscosa
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© 2007 Carol W. Witham

More photos of Parentucellia viscosa in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Parentucellia viscosa:
NCo, NCoRO, NCoRI, CaRF, n&c SNF, ScV, CCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.