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Ozomelis trifida

Higher Taxonomy
Family: SaxifragaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SAXIFRAGE FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from caudex or rhizome, generally +- hairy. Stem: often +- leafy on proximal 1/2, rarely trailing and leafy throughout. Leaf: generally simple, basal and/or cauline, generally alternate, generally petioled; veins +- palmate. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, generally +- scapose. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; hypanthium free to +- fused to ovary; calyx lobes generally 5; petals generally 5, free, generally clawed, generally white; stamens 3, [4], 5, 8, or 10; pistils 1 (carpels +- fused, ovary lobed, chambers 1 or 2, placentas generally 2(3), axile or parietal or occasionally proximally axile and distally marginal in ovary lobes) or 2 (carpels free, placentas marginal), ovary nearly superior to inferior, occasionally more superior in fruit, styles generally 2(3). Fruit: capsule (generally 2(3)-beaked, valves generally 2(3), generally equal) or 2 follicles. Seed: generally many, small.
Genera In Family: +- 30 genera, 600 species: especially northern temperate, arctic, alpine; some cultivated (Bergenia, Darmera, Heuchera, Saxifraga, Tellima, Tolmiea). Note: California Mitella moved to Mitellastra, Ozomelis, Pectiantia; Suksdorfia ranunculifolia to Hemieva. Parnassia moved to Parnassiaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael S. Park & Patrick E. Elvander, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: OzomelisView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Plant minutely glandular; rhizome scaly; bulblets 0. Leaf: basal, occasionally 1 cauline; petioles with long, downward-pointing, gland-tipped, white hairs, occasionally lacking in youngest leaves; blade ovate to round, +- lobed, base +- cordate. Inflorescence: spike-like raceme, +- 1-sided, blooming from base to tip; bracts generally scale-like. Flower: hypanthium widely obconic to bell-shaped, +- fused to ovary; sepals mucronate, gland at tip; petals not clawed, lobes [0]3[5] at tip; stamens 5, alternate petals; pistil 1, ovary generally > 1/2-inferior, chamber 1, placentas 2, parietal, stigmas unlobed, +- sessile. Fruit: capsule, becoming widely dehiscent. Seed: many, red-brown to black, minutely papillate.
Species In Genus: +- 3 species: temperate western North America. Etymology: (Greek: odor of honey, from flower)
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael S. Park & Douglas E. Soltis

Ozomelis trifida (Graham) Rydb.
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 1.5--4.5 dm. Leaf: blade 2--8 cm wide, lobes 5--7. Inflorescence: pedicel (0)0.5--2 mm. Flower: hypanthium 2.5--3.5 mm wide; petals white to pale purple (+- purple), lobes rounded at tip. Chromosomes: 2n=14.
Ecology: Uncommon. Wet shaded slopes; Elevation: 1400--2300 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoRH, n SNH; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Alberta. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Synonyms: Mitella trifida Graham
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael S. Park & Douglas E. Soltis
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Previous taxon: Ozomelis diversifolia
Next taxon: Pectiantia

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botanical illustration including Ozomelis trifida

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Citation for this treatment: Michael S. Park & Douglas E. Soltis 2016. Ozomelis trifida, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=35809, accessed on July 26, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on July 26, 2016.


Ozomelis trifida
click for enlargement
© 2016 Aaron Schusteff
Ozomelis trifida
click for enlargement
© 2016 Aaron Schusteff
Ozomelis trifida
click for enlargement
© 2016 Aaron Schusteff
Ozomelis trifida
click for enlargement
© 2016 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Ozomelis trifida in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Ozomelis trifida:
KR, NCoRH, n SNH;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.