Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Oxyria digyna

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolygonaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BUCKWHEAT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub [tree]. Stem: nodes swollen or not. Leaf: simple, basal or cauline, generally alternate; ocreae present or 0, generally scarious, persistent or not. Inflorescence: flower clusters in axillary to terminal cyme-, panicle-, raceme-, spike-, umbel- or head-like arrangements, entire inflorescence or main inflorescence branches generally subtended by bracts ("inflorescence bracts"); peduncles present or 0; flower clusters in Eriogoneae-Eriogonoideae subtended by involucre of >= 1 free or +- fused, sometimes awn-tipped bracts ("involucre bracts") or, in Polygonoideae and rarely in Eriogonoideae, not (if bracts completely fused, involucre "tubular"); pedicels in Eriogoneae each often subtended by 2 free, transparent, linear bractlets or in Polygonoideae all subtended by 2+ fused, membranous, wide bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, small, 1--200 per node; perianth parts 2--6, generally in 2 whorls, free or basally fused, generally petal-like, often +- concave adaxially, often darker at midvein, often turning +- red or +- brown in age; stamens [1]3 or 6--9 in 2 whorls; ovary superior, 1-chambered, ovule 1, styles 1--3. Fruit: achenes, included in or exserted from perianth, generally 3-angled, ovoid or elliptic, generally glabrous.
Genera In Family: 48 genera, +- 1200 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate; some cultivated for food (Coccoloba, sea-grape; Fagopyrum, Rheum, Rumex) or ornamental (Antigonon, lovechain; Coccoloba; Muehlenbeckia; Persicaria; Polygonum), a few timbered (Coccoloba; Triplaris). Several (Emex; Fallopia; Persicaria; Polygonum; Rumex) are weeds. Note: Treatment of genera in Eriogonoideae based on monographic work of James L. Reveal. Involucre number throughout is number (1--many) per ultimate grouping, at tips of ultimate branches; flower number is per flower cluster or involucre, unless otherwise stated. Fagopyrum esculentum Moench not naturalized, considered an historical waif (or garden weed +- presently), therefore not treated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mihai Costea, except as noted
Genus: OxyriaView Description 

Common Name: MOUNTAIN SORREL

Species In Genus: 4 species. Etymology: (Greek: sour, from acidic taste)
eFlora Treatment Author: James L. Reveal & Thomas J. Rosatti

Oxyria digyna (L.) Hill
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb, glabrous, often +- red; caudex thick, scaly; rhizome rare; roots fibrous. Stem: erect, (0.3)0.5--5 dm. Leaf: +- basal, alternate, petioled, +- fleshy, stipules fused, +- translucent, deciduous or not; blade 0.5--6.5 cm, << petiole, reniform. Inflorescence: panicle, erect, 2--20 cm, +- open; peduncle 1--15 cm. Flower: 2--6 per node, nodding, bisexual, perianth parts 4, outer 2 spreading, 1.2--2.5 mm; stamens 6; styles 2, stigmas red. Fruit: 3--4.5 mm, 2.5--5 mm wide, elliptic, flat, 2-winged, +- red or +- pink, veiny. Chromosomes: 2n=14.
Ecology: Alpine rock crevices, talus; Elevation: 1800--4000 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaRH, SN, SnBr, SnJt, Wrn, SNE; Distribution Outside California: circumboreal. Flowering Time: Jul--Sep
eFlora Treatment Author: James L. Reveal & Thomas J. Rosatti
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Oxyria
Next taxon: Oxytheca

Name Search
botanical illustration including Oxyria digyna

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: James L. Reveal & Thomas J. Rosatti 2016. Oxyria digyna, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=35722, accessed on December 05, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on December 05, 2016.


Oxyria digyna
click for enlargement
© 2002 Gary A. Monroe
Oxyria digyna
click for enlargement
© 2010 California Academy of Sciences
Oxyria digyna
click for enlargement
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Oxyria digyna
click for enlargement
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences
Oxyria digyna
click for enlargement
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Oxyria digyna
click for enlargement
© 2015 California Academy of Sciences

More photos of Oxyria digyna in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Oxyria digyna:
KR, CaRH, SN, SnBr, SnJt, Wrn, SNE;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.