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Orogenia fusiformis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: CARROT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb [shrub, tree], generally from taproot. Stem: generally +- scapose, generally ribbed, hollow. Leaf: basal and generally cauline, generally alternate; stipules generally 0; petiole base generally sheathing stem; blade generally much dissected, occasionally compound. Inflorescence: umbel or head, simple or compound, generally peduncled; bracts present in involucres or 0; bractlets generally present in "involucels". Flower: many, small, generally bisexual (or some staminate), generally radial (or outer bilateral); calyx 0 or lobes 5, small; petals 5, free, generally ovate or spoon-shaped, generally incurved at tips, generally +- ephemeral; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-chambered, generally with a +- conic, persistent projection or platform at tip subtending 2 free styles. Fruit: 2 dry, 1-seeded halves (= mericarps), separating from each other but generally +- persistent to central axis; ribs on halves 5, 2 marginal, 3 to back; oil tubes 1--several per interval between ribs.
Genera In Family: 300 genera, 3000 species: +- worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for food or spice (e.g., Carum, caraway; Daucus; Petroselinum); Bupleurum lancifolium Hornem. is historical garden weed; some toxic (e.g., Conium). Note: Mature fruit generally critical in identification, shape given in outline. Hydrocotyle moved to Araliaceae. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W. Hill is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: OrogeniaView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb, glabrous, +- glaucous; root tuberous. Stem: 0 or short. Leaf: basal, generally recurved or spreading; lowest bladeless, scarious sheaths; blades ovate to triangular-ovate, 1--3-ternately dissected, segments generally linear to lanceolate, elongate. Inflorescence: umbels compound, peduncled; bracts 0; bractlets 0--few, minute; rays few, spreading; pedicels few, 0 to short. Flower: calyx 0; petals obovate, white, tips narrowed; ovary tip projection 0. Fruit: +- ovate, compressed front-to-back; marginal ribs corky-winged, incurved, not wing-like, others thread-like; oil tubes per rib-interval several; fruit axis a corky ridge along middle of each fruit half. Seed: face +- concave.
Species In Genus: 2 species: western North America. Etymology: (Greek: mountain race)

Orogenia fusiformis S. Watson
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 5--15 cm; tuber 3--10 mm wide, carrot-like. Leaf: bladeless sheath 2--7 cm, oblong; petiole 3--5 cm; blade 2--8 cm wide, segments 5--60 mm, linear to lance-linear, acute or obtuse. Inflorescence: peduncles 1--3, 2--15 cm, recurving; fertile rays 1--8, 5--60 mm; fertile pedicels 2--15, < 1 mm. Fruit: 3--4 mm, ovate; ribs on back obscure.
Ecology: Gravelly flats, flower near melting snow; Elevation: 1000--2500 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaRH, n SNH; Distribution Outside California: to central Oregon. Flowering Time: May--Jul
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax
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Citation for this treatment: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax 2016. Orogenia fusiformis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=35488, accessed on February 12, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 12, 2016.


Orogenia fusiformis
click for enlargement
© 2005 Steve Matson
Orogenia fusiformis
click for enlargement
© 2005 Steve Matson
Orogenia fusiformis
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© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Orogenia fusiformis
click for enlargement
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Orogenia fusiformis
click for enlargement
© 2005 Steve Matson
Orogenia fusiformis
click for enlargement
© 2005 Steve Matson

More photos of Orogenia fusiformis in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Orogenia fusiformis:
KR, CaRH, n SNH;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.