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Opuntia oricola


Higher Taxonomy
Family: CactaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: CACTUS FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree, generally fleshy. Stem: cylindric to spheric, or flat; surface smooth, tubercled, or ribbed (grooved); nodal areoles bearing flowers. Leaf: generally 0 or early-deciduous, flat to +- cylindric. Spines: areoles generally with central, radial spines, occasionally with glochids. Flower: generally 1 per areole, bisexual [unisexual], sessile, radial [bilateral]; perianth parts generally many [5], scale-like to petal-like; stamens many; ovary inferior [superior], style 1, stigma lobes generally several [many]. Fruit: dry to fleshy or juicy, indehiscent to variously dehiscent, spiny, scaly, or naked; tubercled or smooth. Seed: generally many, occasionally 0--few.
Genera In Family: +- 125 genera, +- 1800 species: America (especially deserts), Africa; many cultivated, some edible. Note: Spines smaller, fewer (0) in shade forms; yellow spines blacken in age. Introduced species increasingly escape cultivation. Hybridization common in some genera. Taxa of Escobaria in TJM (1993) moved to Coryphantha.
eFlora Treatment Author: Bruce D. Parfitt, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce D. Parfitt, Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: OpuntiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: PRICKLY-PEAR
Habit: Shrub, tree; roots fibrous [tuberous]. Stem: generally erect, < 6 [12] m; segments generally flat (+- cylindric), generally firmly attached; tubercles 0 to +- developed; ribs 0. Leaf: small, conic, fleshy, deciduous, present on young stems, ovaries. Spines: 0--many per areole, cylindric or flat, tip smooth or barbed, epidermis persistent; glochids generally many. Fruit: juicy, fleshy or dry; wall thick, bearing areoles; spiny or not. Seed: in a bony, +- white aril.
Species In Genus: +- 150 species: America; Opuntia ficus-indica cultivated for food, others for ornamental. Etymology: (Possibly from Papago name ("opun") for this food pl; or for a spiny plant of Opus, Greece) Note: Spines smaller, fewer in shade forms; yellow spines blacken in age. Spineless stems, ovaries, and fruit generally with glochids, these occasionally long, conspicuous; hybridization common. Taxa with cylindric to club-shaped stems moved to Cylindropuntia, Grusonia.
eFlora Treatment Author: Bruce D. Parfitt
Opuntia oricola Philbrick
NATIVE
Habit: Generally tree-like. Stem: < 2.5 m; branches generally ascending to spreading; segments 16--25 cm, generally round, green, glabrous. Spines: 5--13 in +- all areoles, flat, longest 2--2.5(5) cm, rigid, generally curved, reflexed, translucent yellow. Flower: inner perianth yellow; filaments orange-yellow; style red, stigma green. Fruit: 3.7--6 cm, juicy, spheric; exterior purple-red; interior white-yellow; seed-pulp generally red; areoles 23--63. Seed: 3.5--4 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=66.
Ecology: Coastal-sage scrub, chaparral; Elevation: 3--450 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo, ChI, WTR, w PR; Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun Note: Possible parent of Opuntia demissa Griffiths, a putative hybrid.
Unabridged Synonyms: Opuntia littoralis Engelm., misappl.
Jepson eFlora Author: Bruce D. Parfitt
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Opuntia oricola

botanical illustration including Opuntia oricola

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Citation for this treatment: Bruce D. Parfitt 2012, Opuntia oricola, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=35300, accessed on December 15, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 15, 2019.

Opuntia oricola
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© 2011 Neal Kramer
Opuntia oricola
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© 2011 Dylan Neubauer
Opuntia oricola
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© 2011 Neal Kramer
Opuntia oricola
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© 2003 Keir Morse
Opuntia oricola
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© 2011 Neal Kramer
Opuntia oricola
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer

More photos of Opuntia oricola in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Opuntia oricola:
SCo, ChI, WTR, w PR
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.