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Vascular Plants of California
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Nothochelone nemorosa

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlantaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1--few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4--5, generally fused at base; corolla 4--5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1--2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2--4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Diplacus, Erythranthe, Limosella, Lindernia, Mimetanthe, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: NothocheloneView Description 

Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (Greek: false turtle, from corolla like that of Chelone, turtlehead)
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Noel H. Holmgren
Nothochelone nemorosa (Dougl. ex Lindl.) Straw
Habit: Perennial herb from caudex; hairs often pointing downward. Stem: erect, 3--10 dm. Leaf: cauline, opposite, sessile to short-petioled; larger blades 4--14 cm, lanceolate to ovate, base cordate or rounded, tip acute to acuminate, margin coarsely toothed. Inflorescence: panicle, glandular, few-flowered; bracts small. Flower: calyx lobes 5, +- equal, 5--13 mm, narrowly lanceolate to ovate; corolla 26--33 mm, 8--11 mm wide when pressed, rose-purple to dark red, lower side often paler, glandular outside, glabrous inside, upper lip 2.4--5 mm, shallowly 2-lobed, lower lip 5--9 mm; stamens 4, filament hairs longest at base, attached to corolla at 1 level, anthers +- 1 mm, long-woolly-hairy, anther sacs spreading +- flat at dehiscence; staminode coarsely bearded, included; nectary a disk; stigma unlobed. Fruit: 10--15 mm. Seed: 2--3.5 mm, flat, widely winged. Chromosomes: 2n=30.
Ecology: Rocky places in open Douglas-fir, yellow-pine, and mixed-evergreen forests; Elevation: 1200--2300 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, n CaRH; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia. Flowering Time: Jun--Aug
Synonyms: Chelone nemorosa Dougl. ex Lindl.; Penstemon nemorosus (Dougl. ex Lindl.) Trautv.
Jepson eFlora Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Noel H. Holmgren
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Nothochelone nemorosa

botanical illustration including Nothochelone nemorosa


Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax & Noel H. Holmgren 2012, Nothochelone nemorosa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 14, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 14, 2019.

Nothochelone nemorosa
click for enlargement
© 2019 Christopher L. Christie
Nothochelone nemorosa
click for enlargement
© 2019 Christopher L. Christie
Nothochelone nemorosa
click for enlargement
© 2019 Christopher L. Christie
Nothochelone nemorosa
click for enlargement
© 2011 Vernon Smith
Nothochelone nemorosa
click for enlargement
© 2011 Vernon Smith
Nothochelone nemorosa
click for enlargement
© 2019 Christopher L. Christie

More photos of Nothochelone nemorosa in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Nothochelone nemorosa:
KR, n CaRH
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.