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Nothochelone nemorosa


Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlantaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: PLANTAIN FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1--few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4--5, generally fused at base; corolla 4--5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1--2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2--4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Diplacus, Erythranthe, Limosella, Lindernia, Mimetanthe, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: NothocheloneView Description 



Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (Greek: false turtle, from corolla like that of Chelone, turtlehead)
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Noel H. Holmgren
Nothochelone nemorosa (Dougl. ex Lindl.) Straw
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb from caudex; hairs often pointing downward. Stem: erect, 3--10 dm. Leaf: cauline, opposite, sessile to short-petioled; larger blades 4--14 cm, lanceolate to ovate, base cordate or rounded, tip acute to acuminate, margin coarsely toothed. Inflorescence: panicle, glandular, few-flowered; bracts small. Flower: calyx lobes 5, +- equal, 5--13 mm, narrowly lanceolate to ovate; corolla 26--33 mm, 8--11 mm wide when pressed, rose-purple to dark red, lower side often paler, glandular outside, glabrous inside, upper lip 2.4--5 mm, shallowly 2-lobed, lower lip 5--9 mm; stamens 4, filament hairs longest at base, attached to corolla at 1 level, anthers +- 1 mm, long-woolly-hairy, anther sacs spreading +- flat at dehiscence; staminode coarsely bearded, included; nectary a disk; stigma unlobed. Fruit: 10--15 mm. Seed: 2--3.5 mm, flat, widely winged. Chromosomes: 2n=30.
Ecology: Rocky places in open Douglas-fir, yellow-pine, and mixed-evergreen forests; Elevation: 1200--2300 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, n CaRH; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia. Flowering Time: Jun--Aug
Synonyms: Chelone nemorosa Dougl. ex Lindl.; Penstemon nemorosus (Dougl. ex Lindl.) Trautv.
Jepson eFlora Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Noel H. Holmgren
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Nothochelone nemorosa

botanical illustration including Nothochelone nemorosa

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Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax & Noel H. Holmgren 2012, Nothochelone nemorosa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=34705, accessed on December 14, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 14, 2019.

Nothochelone nemorosa
click for enlargement
© 2019 Christopher L. Christie
Nothochelone nemorosa
click for enlargement
© 2019 Christopher L. Christie
Nothochelone nemorosa
click for enlargement
© 2019 Christopher L. Christie
Nothochelone nemorosa
click for enlargement
© 2011 Vernon Smith
Nothochelone nemorosa
click for enlargement
© 2011 Vernon Smith
Nothochelone nemorosa
click for enlargement
© 2019 Christopher L. Christie

More photos of Nothochelone nemorosa in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Nothochelone nemorosa:
KR, n CaRH
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.