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Nicotiana clevelandii

Higher Taxonomy
Family: SolanaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla +- radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2--5-chambered.
Genera In Family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially +- tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia). Toxicity: many TOXIC. Note: Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: NicotianaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: TOBACCO
Habit: Annual to small tree. Leaf: +- basal or not; margin entire, +- wavy or not. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, terminal; lower bracts leaf-like. Flower: calyx 5-lobed, +- enlarging, not fully enclosing fruit; corolla generally radial, generally funnel-shaped to salverform; stamens 5, equal or 1 smaller. Fruit: septicidal capsule. Seed: many, minute, angled.
Species In Genus: +- 60 species: generally America; Nicotiana tabacum L. widely cultivated, tobacco of commerce. Etymology: (J. Nicot, said to have introduced tobacco to Eur, 1530--1600) Toxicity: Seriously TOXIC to livestock.
Unabridged Reference: Goodspeed 1954 Chron Bot 16:1--536

Nicotiana clevelandii A. Gray
Habit: Annual 2--6 dm, slender, +- glandular-hairy. Leaf: 3--18 cm; lowermost petioled, elliptic to ovate; upper sessile, lanceolate. Inflorescence: bracts < 30 mm, linear to lanceolate. Flower: calyx 8--10 mm, lobes 4, very unequal (1 > tube), linear; corolla +- salverform, green-white, tube 15--20 mm, limb 8--10 mm wide; stamens unequal, attached +- at 1 level below tube middle. Fruit: 4--6 mm.
Ecology: Generally sandy washes, scrub; Elevation: < 500 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo, ChI (Santa Catalina, Santa Cruz islands), DSon; Distribution Outside California: Arizona, northwestern Mexico. Flowering Time: Mar--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee
Unabridged Reference: Goodspeed 1954 Chron Bot 16:1--536
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botanical illustration including Nicotiana clevelandii


Citation for this treatment: Michael H. Nee 2012, Nicotiana clevelandii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 25, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 25, 2018.

Nicotiana clevelandii
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling
Nicotiana clevelandii
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling

More photos of Nicotiana clevelandii in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Nicotiana clevelandii:
SCo, ChI (Santa Catalina, Santa Cruz islands), DSon;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.