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Navarretia squarrosa
SKUNKWEED

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolemoniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PHLOX FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1--many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
Genera In Family: 26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). Note: Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson, family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: NavarretiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: NAVARRETIA
Habit: Annual, generally prickly. Stem: prostrate to generally erect; branches ascending or spreading; glabrous to generally hairy, often glandular. Leaf: simple, alternate (lowermost opposite), entire to generally deeply pinnate-lobed. Inflorescence: generally head-like, bracts pinnate- to palmate-toothed or -lobed, spine-tipped (flower 1--2, pedicels elongate, bracts entire, not spine-tipped). Flower: calyx lobes 4--5, equal, entire or toothed, or unequal, spine-tipped; corolla lobes 4--5; stigmas 2 or 3. Fruit: generally ovoid, chambers 1--3; dehiscing when wetted, seeds adherent to fruit and each other, or generally dehiscing at maturity, seeds free. Seed: 1--many per fruit, brown, gelatinous when wet. Chromosomes: 2n=18.
Species In Genus: +- 40 species: western North America, Argentina, Chile. Etymology: (F.F. Navarrete, Spanish physician, ?--1742) Note: Revised taxonomy, too late for full treatment in TJM2, includes Navarretia linearifolia (Howell) L.A. Johnson subsp. linearifolia, a +- cryptic segregate of Navarretia sinistra, and Navarretia linearifolia subsp. pinnatisecta (H. Mason & A.D. Grant) L.A. Johnson [Navarretia sinistra subsp. pinnatisecta] (Johnson & Cairns-Heath 2010 Syst Bot 35:618--628); Navarretia paradoxinota and Navarretia paradoxiclara, both new to science, and Navarretia propinqua [Navarretia intertexta subsp. propinqua] (Johnson et al. 2013 Phytotaxa 91:27--38). Relative positions of flower parts are as pressed, unless stated otherwise.
eFlora Treatment Author: Leigh A. Johnson

Navarretia squarrosa (Eschsch.) Hook. & Arn.
NATIVE
Habit: Plant erect, 1° axes 1--several; odor skunk-like. Stem: 10--60 cm, branches ascending; long-hairy, glandular. Leaf: lower 1--2-pinnate-lobed, axis, lobes linear; upper axis shorter, wider, lobes narrowly lanceolate, generally forked on back, prickled. Inflorescence: outer bracts leaf-like, < leaves, middle lobe lanceolate, wider than lateral. Flower: calyx 7--10 mm, lobes narrowly lanceolate; corolla 9--12 mm, > calyx, dark blue, lobes 2 mm; stamens attached in tube, included; style included, stigmas 3, in mid tube, below anthers. Fruit: dehiscing tip to base.
Ecology: Common. Open, wet, gravelly flats, slopes; Elevation: < 1100 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, n SNF (Sacramento, Amador, Calaveras cos.), CW; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia. Flowering Time: Jun--Aug Note: Weedy in Australia.
eFlora Treatment Author: Leigh A. Johnson
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Citation for this treatment: Leigh A. Johnson 2016. Navarretia squarrosa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=34475, accessed on February 07, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 07, 2016.


Navarretia squarrosa
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© 2013 Neal Kramer
Navarretia squarrosa
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Navarretia squarrosa
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© 2009 Neal Kramer
Navarretia squarrosa
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Navarretia squarrosa
click for enlargement
© 2007 Neal Kramer
Navarretia squarrosa
click for enlargement
© 2007 Neal Kramer

More photos of Navarretia squarrosa in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Navarretia squarrosa:
NW, n SNF (Sacramento, Amador, Calaveras cos.), CW;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.