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Navarretia atractyloides

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolemoniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1--many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
Genera In Family: 26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). Note: Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson, family description, key to genera, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: NavarretiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, generally prickly. Stem: prostrate to generally erect; branches ascending or spreading; glabrous to generally hairy, often glandular. Leaf: simple, alternate (lowermost opposite), entire to generally deeply pinnate-lobed. Inflorescence: generally head-like, bracts pinnate- to palmate-toothed or -lobed, spine-tipped (flower 1--2, pedicels elongate, bracts entire, not spine-tipped). Flower: calyx lobes 4--5, equal, entire or toothed, or unequal, spine-tipped; corolla lobes 4--5; stigmas 2 or 3. Fruit: generally ovoid, chambers 1--3; dehiscing when wetted, seeds adherent to fruit and each other, or generally dehiscing at maturity, seeds free. Seed: 1--many per fruit, brown, gelatinous when wet. Chromosomes: 2n=18.
Species In Genus: +- 40 species: western North America, Argentina, Chile. Etymology: (F.F. Navarrete, Spanish physician, ?--1742) Note: Revised taxonomy, too late for full treatment in TJM2, includes Navarretia linearifolia (Howell) L.A. Johnson subsp. linearifolia, a +- cryptic segregate of Navarretia sinistra, and Navarretia linearifolia subsp. pinnatisecta (H. Mason & A.D. Grant) L.A. Johnson [Navarretia sinistra subsp. pinnatisecta] (Johnson & Cairns-Heath 2010 Syst Bot 35:618--628); Navarretia paradoxinota and Navarretia paradoxiclara, both new to science, and Navarretia propinqua [Navarretia intertexta subsp. propinqua] (Johnson et al. 2013 Phytotaxa 91:27--38). Relative positions of flower parts are as pressed, unless stated otherwise.
eFlora Treatment Author: Leigh A. Johnson

Navarretia atractyloides (Benth.) Hook. & Arn.
Habit: Plant erect, 1° axis generally 1. Stem: 5--29 cm, branches generally above, ascending; glandular-hairy. Leaf: strap-shaped to lanceolate, pinnate-lobed; cauline axis 2--6 mm wide, generally >= lobes; basal lobes spreading, upper unequal, ascending. Inflorescence: bracts gland-dotted or glandular-hairy, recurved, base widely clasping, lobes at tip generally 3, unequal, ascending, +- separated from other lobes. Flower: calyx lobes entire or toothed; corolla +- included, 8--9 mm, generally purple (white), tube red-veined, lobes < 2 mm; stamens, style +- exserted; stigmas 3. Fruit: < calyx, dehiscing from tip. Chromosomes: 2n=18.
Ecology: Open, rocky or sandy areas; Elevation: < 2500 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoR, CaRH, c SNF, s SNH, CW, ChI, TR, PR, MP; Distribution Outside California: Oregon, Baja California. Flowering Time: May--Jul Note: Like Navarretia hamata, but odor not skunk-like, bracts without grappling hook-like tips.
Synonyms: Navarretia hamata Greene subsp. foliacea (Greene) H. Mason
eFlora Treatment Author: Leigh A. Johnson
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botanical illustration including Navarretia atractyloides


Citation for this treatment: Leigh A. Johnson 2017. Navarretia atractyloides, Revision 1, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on August 23, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on August 23, 2017.

Navarretia atractyloides
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© 2015 Keir Morse
Navarretia atractyloides
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© 2015 Keir Morse
Navarretia atractyloides
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© 2008 Steve Matson
Navarretia atractyloides
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Navarretia atractyloides
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Navarretia atractyloides
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© 2009 Neal Kramer

More photos of Navarretia atractyloides in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Navarretia atractyloides:
KR, NCoR, CaRH, c SNF, s SNH, CW, ChI, TR, PR, MP;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.