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Vascular Plants of California
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Nama pusilla

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: NamaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PURPLE MAT
Habit: Perennial herb or generally annual, hairy. Leaf: cauline, generally alternate, margin crenate-dentate or generally entire, wavy, flat, or rolled under. Inflorescence: heads or generally clusters, terminal, not coiled, or flowers 1--2 in leaf axils; bracts 0 or generally leaf-like. Flower: calyx generally free from ovary; corolla salverform to bell-shaped, occasionally cylindric; stamens generally attached to corolla at different levels, generally unequal, part fused to corolla generally narrow-winged, scales at base 0; styles 1--2. Fruit: generally loculicidal, ovoid to elliptic. Seed: generally many, small, red-brown, brown, black, or yellow to orange.
Species In Genus: +- 55 species: southwestern United States, tropical America, Hawaii. Etymology: (Greek: a stream) Note: Nama lobbii A. Gray now in Eriodictyon.
eFlora Treatment Author: Sarah Taylor
Unabridged Reference: Ferguson 1998 Syst Bot 23:253--268; Hitchcock 1933 Amer J Bot 20:415--430, 518--534
Nama pusilla A. Gray
Habit: Plant generally dense-short-spreading-hairy, hairs slender, bases generally swollen. Stem: prostrate, 2--6 cm, forked. Leaf: petiole 1--6 mm, winged; blade generally 2--11 mm, lanceolate to generally ovate, base abruptly narrowed. Inflorescence: pedicels <= 4 mm. Flower: calyx lobes 3--6 mm, linear to +- spoon-shaped, white- or gray-canescent at least in basal 1/3--1/2, nonglandular; corolla 3--5 mm, cylindric to +- funnel-shaped, white to pale pink, limb <= 2 mm diam, lobes <= 0.5 mm, 0.5--1 mm wide; stamens 1--3 mm, attached 1--2 mm above corolla base; styles 2, 1--2 mm. Fruit: 2--4 mm. Seed: +- 0.4 mm, irregular, brown-black, surface +- net-like, with depressions. Chromosomes: 2n=14.
Ecology: Sandy to rocky flats; Elevation: 200--1740 m. Bioregional Distribution: n SnBr, W&I, DMoj, n DSon; Distribution Outside California: southern Nevada, western Arizona. Flowering Time: Mar--May
Jepson eFlora Author: Sarah Taylor
Unabridged Reference: Ferguson 1998 Syst Bot 23:253--268; Hitchcock 1933 Amer J Bot 20:415--430, 518--534
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Citation for this treatment: Sarah Taylor 2012, Nama pusilla, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on March 19, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on March 19, 2019.

Nama pusilla
click for enlargement
© 2016 Aaron Schusteff
Nama pusilla
click for enlargement
© 2016 Aaron Schusteff
Nama pusilla
click for enlargement
© 2016 Aaron Schusteff
Nama pusilla
click for enlargement
© 2016 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Nama pusilla in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Nama pusilla:
n SnBr, W&I, DMoj, n DSon;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.