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Montia linearis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: MontiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: MINER'S LETTUCE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; generally fleshy. Stem: 1--many, generally glabrous. Leaf: simple, alternate or opposite. Inflorescence: axillary or terminal; cyme, raceme, panicle, umbel, or flower 1. Flower: bisexual, radial; sepals generally 2(9), free; petals (1)2--19, free or +- fused; stamens 1--many, epipetalous or not, anthers pink, rose, or yellow; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovules 1--many, placenta basal or free-central; styles (0)1--8, generally fused at base, branched. Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 2--3-valved. Seed: 1--many, shiny or +- pebbly or sculptured, black or gray, generally with oil-filled appendage as food for ants.
Genera In Family: +- 22 genera, +- 230 species: generally temperate America, Asia, Australia, Europe, Kerguelen Is, New Zealand, southern Africa, poorly represented in Europe; some cultivated (Lewisia, Calandrinia). Note: All CA genera previously included in Portulacaceae; details of flowers, seeds require 20× magnification.
Unabridged Note: May include Hectorellaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: MontiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, glabrous, +- fleshy, +- aquatic or not, matted or not. Leaf: cauline > 2, alternate or opposite, free, entire. Inflorescence: raceme, 1-sided; lowest flower generally bracted; pedicel recurved, erect in fruit. Flower: petals (3)5, equal or 2 larger, white to pink; stamens (3)5, epipetalous; ovary chamber 1, placentas basal, style 1, stigmas 3. Fruit: valves 3, margins rolled in, forcibly expelling seeds. Seed: 1--3, generally black, smooth to tubercled, appendaged or not.
Species In Genus: 12 species: Worldwide. Etymology: (Giuseppe Monti, Italian botanist, 1682--1760) Note: Sometimes divided into 9 genera.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Kenton L. Chambers

Montia linearis (Hook.) Greene
NATIVE
Habit: Annual 4--25 cm, erect, often much-branched. Leaf: alternate, 10--100 mm, linear. Inflorescence: few to many, terminal; flowers 3--14. Flower: sepals 3--7 mm, widely ovate, obtuse to truncate; petals 4--6.5 mm, +- unequal, white or pale pink; stamens 3. Fruit: 3--4 mm. Seed: 1.4--2.5 mm, generally +- smooth (minute-netted); appendage 0. Chromosomes: 2n=28.
Ecology: Moist grassland, scrub, open woodland, fields; Elevation: < 2300 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoR, CaR, n&c SN, SnFrB, TR, PR, MP; Distribution Outside California: to western Canada, Montana, Utah. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Kenton L. Chambers
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Citation for this treatment: John M. Miller & Kenton L. Chambers 2016. Montia linearis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33998, accessed on February 11, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 11, 2016.


Montia linearis
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Montia linearis
click for enlargement
© 2008 Steve Matson
Montia linearis
click for enlargement
© 2008 Steve Matson
Montia linearis
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Montia linearis
click for enlargement
© 2008 Steve Matson
Montia linearis
click for enlargement
© 1986 Gary A. Monroe

More photos of Montia linearis in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Montia linearis:
KR, NCoR, CaR, n&c SN, SnFrB, TR, PR, MP;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.