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Monotropa hypopitys
PINESAP

Higher Taxonomy
Family: EricaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: HEATH FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree. Stem: bark often peeling distinctively. Leaf: simple or 0, generally cauline, alternate, opposite (whorled), evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted; pedicel often with 2 bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, bell-shaped, cylindric, or urn-shaped; sepals generally (0)4--5, generally free; petals generally (0)4--5, free or fused; stamens (2--5)8--10, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers dehiscing by pores or slits, awns 0 or 2(4), seemingly abaxial, reduced or elongate, generally curved; nectary generally present at ovary base, generally disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 1--5, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1--many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry. Seed: generally many, winged or not.
Genera In Family: +- 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium. Note: Monophyletic only if Empetraceae included, as treated here. Ledum included in Rhododendron. Non-green plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Gary D. Wallace, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: MonotropaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, non-green, glabrous to glandular-hairy; roots brittle, main often elongate. Stem: 0. Leaf: 0. Inflorescence: raceme-like or flowers 1; emerging from ground nodding, erect in fruit, persistent after seed dispersal, bracted; pedicel generally recurved to spreading when anthers open, erect in fruit, jointed to flower, bractlets 1--2. Flower: sepals generally 5, free; petals generally 5, free, oblong-cup-shaped, +- bulged at base; stamens generally 10, included, anthers dehiscing by 1 or 2 slits, unawned; nectary lobes (8)10, +- clasping stamen bases; ovary superior, lines of dehiscence evident, chambers (4)5, placentas axile. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal, erect, dehiscing tip to base. Seed: many per chamber, fusiform.
Species In Genus: 2 species: northern hemisphere. Etymology: (Greek: 1 direction, from 1-sided inflorescence)

Monotropa hypopitys L.
NATIVE
Flower: sepals +- unlike petals; style 1--2 mm wide.
Ecology: Uncommon. Mixed or conifer forest; Elevation: 120--2200 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW (exc NCoRI); Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, eastern United States and adjacent Canada; also Mexico, Eurasia. Flowering Time: Jul--Aug
Synonyms: Hypopitys fimbriata (A. Gray) Howell; Hypopitys lanuginosa (Michx.) Raf.; Hypopitys monotropa Crantz
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace
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botanical illustration including Monotropa hypopitys

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Citation for this treatment: Gary D. Wallace 2016. Monotropa hypopitys, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33965, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 29, 2016.


Monotropa hypopitys
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© 1999 John Game
Monotropa hypopitys
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© 2010 Keir Morse
Monotropa hypopitys
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© 2012 Barry Rice
Monotropa hypopitys
click for enlargement
© 2012 Barry Rice
Monotropa hypopitys
click for enlargement
© 2010 Keir Morse
Monotropa hypopitys
click for enlargement
© 2010 Keir Morse

More photos of Monotropa hypopitys in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Monotropa hypopitys:
NW (exc NCoRI);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.