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Moneses uniflora
WOODNYMPH

Higher Taxonomy
Family: EricaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: HEATH FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree. Stem: bark often peeling distinctively. Leaf: simple or 0, generally cauline, alternate, opposite (whorled), evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted; pedicel often with 2 bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, bell-shaped, cylindric, or urn-shaped; sepals generally (0)4--5, generally free; petals generally (0)4--5, free or fused; stamens (2--5)8--10, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers dehiscing by pores or slits, awns 0 or 2(4), seemingly abaxial, reduced or elongate, generally curved; nectary generally present at ovary base, generally disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 1--5, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1--many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry. Seed: generally many, winged or not.
Genera In Family: +- 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium. Note: Monophyletic only if Empetraceae included, as treated here. Ledum included in Rhododendron. Non-green plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Gary D. Wallace, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: MonesesView Description 


Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (Greek: single delight, from single flower)
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace & Erich Haber

Moneses uniflora (L.) A. Gray
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb < 10 cm, evergreen, rhizomes 0, roots rhizome-like. Leaf: +- basal, < 3.5 cm, ovate to obovate, not leathery, finely crenate or sharp-toothed, petioled. Inflorescence: flower 1; peduncle minutely papillate above; bracts 1--2, ovate. Flower: radial, nodding, parts in 5s, free; sepals fringed; petals < 1 cm, spreading, entire or minutely fringed, waxy-white to +- pink; stamens 10, filaments +- widened at base, glabrous, anther pores on tubes; nectary 0; ovary superior, style not or in slight depression, straight, slender, stigma crown-like, lobes 5, prominent. Fruit: capsule, erect; valves opening tip to base, margins not fibrous. Chromosomes: 2n=26.
Ecology: Moist, mossy conifer forests; Elevation: 100--1000 m. Bioregional Distribution: n NCo, w KR, n NCoRO, CaRH, c SNH (Fresno Co.); Distribution Outside California: North America, Eurasia, circumboreal. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Synonyms: Moneses uniflora var. reticulata (Nutt.) S.F. Blake
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace & Erich Haber
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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botanical illustration including Moneses uniflora

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Citation for this treatment: Gary D. Wallace & Erich Haber 2016. Moneses uniflora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33957, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 30, 2016.


Moneses uniflora
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© 2015 Dana York
Moneses uniflora
click for enlargement
© 2015 Dana York
Moneses uniflora
click for enlargement
© 2013 California Academy of Sciences
Moneses uniflora
click for enlargement
© 2015 Dana York
Moneses uniflora
click for enlargement
© 2016 California Academy of Sciences
Moneses uniflora
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© 2015 Barry Breckling

More photos of Moneses uniflora in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Moneses uniflora:
n NCo, w KR, n NCoRO, CaRH, c SNH (Fresno Co.);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.