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Mollugo cerviana

Higher Taxonomy
Family: MolluginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual [perennial herb, shrub], glabrous or hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: simple, generally basal and cauline, alternate, opposite, or whorled, entire, (fleshy), petioled [not]; stipules 0 or small, deciduous. Inflorescence: axillary or terminal cyme [umbel] or flowers 1; flowers pedicelled or not. Flower: generally bisexual, small, radial; sepals 4--5, free or fused, persistent; corolla 0 or small (= staminodes); stamens 2--25, free or fused basally, on hypanthium, alternate sepals, petal-like or not; nectary a ring; ovary superior, chambers [1]3--5[10], placentas generally axile, styles [0]1 or 3--5, generally free. Fruit: 3--5-valved capsule [achene]. Seed: 1 or more per chamber, reniform to lenticular, arilled or not.
Genera In Family: 14 genera, 125 species: generally tropics, subtropics, especially Africa.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael A. Vincent & Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: MollugoView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: CARPET-WEED
Habit: Annual [perennial herb], glabrous. Stem: prostrate to erect, slender, branched from base. Leaf: generally whorled, linear to oblanceolate; stipules +- 0. Inflorescence: axillary, terminal, cyme, umbel [flowers 1]; pedicel 3--30 mm. Flower: sepals 5, free, margins +- scarious; petals 0; stamens 3--5, fused basally; styles 3--5, linear. Fruit: 3-valved, included in calyx. Seed: many, reniform, smooth, ridged, or finely net-sculptured; aril 0.
Species In Genus: 35 species: tropics, subtropics. Etymology: (Greek: soft or pliant) Note: Worldwide revision of genus needed.

Mollugo cerviana (L.) Ser.
Habit: Annual, glabrous, glaucous. Stem: 3--20 cm. Leaf: in whorls of 4--10[12], 3--15 mm. Inflorescence: flowers 3--4. Flower: sepals 1--1.5 mm, elliptic to ovate; stamens 1 mm; stigmas 3, sessile. Fruit: +- spheric. Seed: brown. Chromosomes: 2n=18.
Ecology: Uncommon. Seasonal pools, sandy washes, flats, slopes; Elevation: < 1700 m. Bioregional Distribution: SnJt, D; Distribution Outside California: to Texas, Mexico, tropics; native to Old World. Flowering Time: Sep--Mar
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael A. Vincent & Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.
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botanical illustration including Mollugo cerviana


Citation for this treatment: Michael A. Vincent & Wayne R. Ferren, Jr. 2016. Mollugo cerviana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Mollugo cerviana
click for enlargement
© 2005 James M. Andre
Mollugo cerviana
click for enlargement
© 2005 James M. Andre

More photos of Mollugo cerviana in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Mollugo cerviana:
SnJt, D;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.