Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon


Moehringia macrophylla
LARGE-LEAVED SANDWORT


Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaryophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: PINK FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often +- connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1--many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, +- free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2--several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2--5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2--3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely +- dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
Genera In Family: 83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). Note: Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5--8.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: MoehringiaView Description 


Habit: Perennial herb, ascending to erect, rhizomed. Leaf: not congested at base of flowering stems; petiole short or 0; blade +- lanceolate or elliptic, acute; vein 1. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary; flowers 1--5; pedicels 2--25+ mm. Flower: hypanthium short, obscure; sepals 5, +- free, 2.8--6 mm, +- ovate, minutely ciliate; petals 5, 2--8 mm, entire; stamens on disk; styles 3, 1.5--1.8 mm. Fruit: capsule, widely ovoid; valves 6, +- recurved. Seed: few, red-brown to +- black; appendage +- 0.7 mm, +- elliptic, spongy.
Species In Genus: 25 species: northern temperate. Etymology: (P.H.G. Moehring, Danzig naturalist, 1710--1791)
Reference: Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:70--72
Moehringia macrophylla (Hook.) Fenzl
NATIVE
Stem: simple to branched, 2--18 mm, +- angled or grooved; hairs minute, peg-like; rhizome slender, branched. Leaf: 1.5--5 cm, +- evenly spaced, +- thin; margin smooth to minutely granular, generally ciliate in basal 1/2. Inflorescence: bracts 1--4 mm, margin widely scarious, minutely ciliate; pedicels ascending to erect, +- spreading in fruit or not. Flower: sepals acute to acuminate, margin scarious, midrib +- keeled; petals +- round. Fruit: black. Seed: 1.5--2.2 mm, widely elliptic; tubercles minute, low, rounded. Chromosomes: 2n=48.
Ecology: Moist, shaded slopes, rocky ridges, summits, pine, oak forests, serpentine; Elevation: 300--1800 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, n&s SNH, SnFrB, SCoRO, PR; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Montana, Colorado, New Mexico, also +- northern Canada, northeastern North America; Asia. Flowering Time: Late spring--summer
Synonyms: Arenaria macrophylla Hook.
Jepson eFlora Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler
Reference: Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:70--72
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Moehringia
Next taxon: Moenchia

Name Search

Botanical illustration including Moehringia macrophylla

botanical illustration including Moehringia macrophylla

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler 2012, Moehringia macrophylla, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=33866, accessed on May 22, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on May 22, 2019.

Moehringia macrophylla
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Moehringia macrophylla
click for enlargement
© 2016 Steve Matson
Moehringia macrophylla
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Moehringia macrophylla
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Moehringia macrophylla
click for enlargement
© 2016 Steve Matson
Moehringia macrophylla
click for enlargement
© 2016 Steve Matson

More photos of Moehringia macrophylla in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Moehringia macrophylla:
NW, n&s SNH, SnFrB, SCoRO, PR
MAP CONTROLS
1. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
3. Filling of Jepson subdivision polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
4. Moving the cursor over any numbered cluster will show the range boundary of the included specimens (with a blue polygon).
5. Marker clustering can be turned off by clicking this link:      Marker Clustering OFF
WARNING: Turning this off might cause maps with large numbers of specimens to load slowly.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

View elevation by latitude chart


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
MAP LEGEND
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS


CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.