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Mimulus purpureus
LITTLE PURPLE MONKEYFLOWER

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PhrymaceaeView Description 

Common Name: LOPSEED FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub. Stem: ×-section generally round. Leaf: opposite, simple, entire or toothed; stipules 0. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, or panicle, bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx radial or +- bilateral, tube long, generally ribbed, lobes 5; corolla generally bilateral, generally 2-lipped, upper [1]2-lobed, lower 3-lobed; stamens 4 in 2 pairs, epipetalous, included or exserted; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas parietal or axile, style 1, stigma lobes 2, flat, folding together when touched. Fruit: generally capsule, generally ellipsoid, loculicidal [indehiscent, 1-seeded].
Genera In Family: +- 15 genera, 230 species: +- worldwide, many habitats; some cultivated as ornamental (e.g., Mimulus, Mazus). Formerly included in Scrophulariaceae. Note: Family description by David J. Keil.
eFlora Treatment Author: David M. Thompson
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: MimulusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: MONKEYFLOWER
Habit: Glabrous to hairy. Stem: generally erect. Leaf: opposite, generally +- sessile, generally toothed or entire, generally green or +- red. Inflorescence: raceme, bracted, or flowers generally 2 per axil. Flower: occasionally cleistogamous; calyx generally green, lobes 5, generally << tube, generally unequal; corolla generally deciduous, white to red, maroon, purple, gold, or yellow, lower lip base occasionally swollen, +- closing mouth, tube-throat floor generally with 2 longitudinal folds; anther sacs spreading; placentas 2, axile or parietal; stigma lobes generally flat, generally included. Fruit: generally ovoid to fusiform, generally upcurved if elongate, generally +- fragile, loculicidal near tip (hard, indehiscent), chambers 1--2. Seed: many, generally < 1 mm, ovoid, +- yellow to dark brown.
Species In Genus: +- 100 species: North America, Chile, eastern Asia, southern Africa, New Zealand, Australia. Etymology: (Latin: little mime or comic actor, from face-like corolla of some species) Note: Limb width measured between most distant points across corolla face.

Mimulus purpureus A.L. Grant
NATIVE
Habit: Annual 0.5--7 cm, puberulent. Leaf: 3--16 mm, elliptic to ovate. Flower: pedicel 15--56 mm; calyx 4--8 mm, tube puberulent, lobes equal, 0.5--1 mm, rounded to truncate, glabrous, tip small-pointed; corolla tube-throat 8--13 mm, 2-lipped, upper lip red-purple, lower lip rose, limb 8--10 mm wide; placentas axile. Fruit: 4--7 mm.
Ecology: Along small streams on open, gentle slopes; Elevation: 1900--2300 m. Bioregional Distribution: SnBr; Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: Jun--Jul Note: Varieties not distinct. Threatened by development, vehicles.
Synonyms: Mimulus purpureus var. pauxillus A.L. Grant; Mimulus purpureus var. purpureus
eFlora Treatment Author: David M. Thompson
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Mimulus pulsiferae
Next taxon: Mimulus pygmaeus

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botanical illustration including Mimulus purpureus

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Citation for this treatment: David M. Thompson 2016. Mimulus purpureus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33701, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 29, 2016.


Mimulus purpureus
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Mimulus purpureus
click for enlargement
© 2001 Steve Schoenig
Mimulus purpureus
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Mimulus purpureus
click for enlargement
© 2001 Steve Schoenig
Mimulus purpureus
click for enlargement
© 2001 Steve Schoenig
Mimulus purpureus
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton

More photos of Mimulus purpureus in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Mimulus purpureus:
SnBr;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.