Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Mimulus kelloggii

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PhrymaceaeView Description 

Habit: Annual to shrub. Stem: ×-section generally round. Leaf: opposite, simple, entire or toothed; stipules 0. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, or panicle, bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx radial or +- bilateral, tube long, generally ribbed, lobes 5; corolla generally bilateral, generally 2-lipped, upper [1]2-lobed, lower 3-lobed; stamens 4 in 2 pairs, epipetalous, included or exserted; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas parietal or axile, style 1, stigma lobes 2, flat, folding together when touched. Fruit: generally capsule, generally ellipsoid, loculicidal [indehiscent, 1-seeded].
Genera In Family: +- 15 genera, 230 species: +- worldwide, many habitats; some cultivated as ornamental (e.g., Mimulus, Mazus). Formerly included in Scrophulariaceae. Note: Family description by David J. Keil.
eFlora Treatment Author: David M. Thompson
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: MimulusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Glabrous to hairy. Stem: generally erect. Leaf: opposite, generally +- sessile, generally toothed or entire, generally green or +- red. Inflorescence: raceme, bracted, or flowers generally 2 per axil. Flower: occasionally cleistogamous; calyx generally green, lobes 5, generally << tube, generally unequal; corolla generally deciduous, white to red, maroon, purple, gold, or yellow, lower lip base occasionally swollen, +- closing mouth, tube-throat floor generally with 2 longitudinal folds; anther sacs spreading; placentas 2, axile or parietal; stigma lobes generally flat, generally included. Fruit: generally ovoid to fusiform, generally upcurved if elongate, generally +- fragile, loculicidal near tip (hard, indehiscent), chambers 1--2. Seed: many, generally < 1 mm, ovoid, +- yellow to dark brown.
Species In Genus: +- 100 species: North America, Chile, eastern Asia, southern Africa, New Zealand, Australia. Etymology: (Latin: little mime or comic actor, from face-like corolla of some species) Note: Limb width measured between most distant points across corolla face.

Mimulus kelloggii (Greene) A. Gray
Habit: Annual 1--31 cm, hairy. Leaf: 6--40 mm, elliptic to obovate; abaxially generally +- purple. Flower: pedicel 2--6 mm; calyx 8--16 mm, puberulent, lobes +- unequal, 0.5--1.5 mm, obtuse; corolla persistent, magenta to red-purple, becoming darker toward spotted-gold throat, tube-throat 20--45 mm, +- 2× calyx, gradually wider and funnel-like toward tip, upper lobes 4--5 mm, lower lobes 2--3 mm; placentas parietal. Fruit: 6--12 mm, +- cylindrical, +- curved, hard, indehiscent. Chromosomes: 2n=18.
Ecology: Bare, unstable or disturbed areas; steep slopes of soil or scree; Elevation: 50--1525 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaRF, n&c SNF; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Flowering Time: Mar--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: David M. Thompson
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Next taxon: Mimulus laciniatus

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botanical illustration including Mimulus kelloggii


Citation for this treatment: David M. Thompson 2017. Mimulus kelloggii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 23, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 23, 2017.

Mimulus kelloggii
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© 2015 Barry Breckling
Mimulus kelloggii
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© 2014 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Mimulus kelloggii
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© 2010 Barry Breckling
Mimulus kelloggii
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© 2006 George W. Hartwell
Mimulus kelloggii
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© 2005 Steve Matson
Mimulus kelloggii
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© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

More photos of Mimulus kelloggii in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Mimulus kelloggii:
NW, CaRF, n&c SNF;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.