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Mimulus cardinalis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PhrymaceaeView Description 

Common Name: LOPSEED FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub. Stem: ×-section generally round. Leaf: opposite, simple, entire or toothed; stipules 0. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, or panicle, bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx radial or +- bilateral, tube long, generally ribbed, lobes 5; corolla generally bilateral, generally 2-lipped, upper [1]2-lobed, lower 3-lobed; stamens 4 in 2 pairs, epipetalous, included or exserted; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas parietal or axile, style 1, stigma lobes 2, flat, folding together when touched. Fruit: generally capsule, generally ellipsoid, loculicidal [indehiscent, 1-seeded].
Genera In Family: +- 15 genera, 230 species: +- worldwide, many habitats; some cultivated as ornamental (e.g., Mimulus, Mazus). Formerly included in Scrophulariaceae. Note: Family description by David J. Keil.
eFlora Treatment Author: David M. Thompson
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: MimulusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: MONKEYFLOWER
Habit: Glabrous to hairy. Stem: generally erect. Leaf: opposite, generally +- sessile, generally toothed or entire, generally green or +- red. Inflorescence: raceme, bracted, or flowers generally 2 per axil. Flower: occasionally cleistogamous; calyx generally green, lobes 5, generally << tube, generally unequal; corolla generally deciduous, white to red, maroon, purple, gold, or yellow, lower lip base occasionally swollen, +- closing mouth, tube-throat floor generally with 2 longitudinal folds; anther sacs spreading; placentas 2, axile or parietal; stigma lobes generally flat, generally included. Fruit: generally ovoid to fusiform, generally upcurved if elongate, generally +- fragile, loculicidal near tip (hard, indehiscent), chambers 1--2. Seed: many, generally < 1 mm, ovoid, +- yellow to dark brown.
Species In Genus: +- 100 species: North America, Chile, eastern Asia, southern Africa, New Zealand, Australia. Etymology: (Latin: little mime or comic actor, from face-like corolla of some species) Note: Limb width measured between most distant points across corolla face.

Mimulus cardinalis Benth.
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb, rhizomed, hairy. Stem: 25--80 cm, generally decumbent to ascending. Leaf: 20--80 mm, oblong to obovate, palmately 3--5-veined, upper clasping stem. Flower: pedicel 50--80 mm; calyx 20--30 mm, hairy, lobes equal, 4--5 mm, acute to acuminate; corolla orange to red, tube-throat 40--50 mm, upper lip arched forward, lower lip reflexed; anthers, stigma exserted; placentas axile. Fruit: 16--18 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=16.
Ecology: Moist to wet places along streams, seepage areas; Elevation: < 2400 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP, W&I, DMtns (Panamint Range); Distribution Outside California: to Oregon, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico; Baja California. Flowering Time: May--Sep
eFlora Treatment Author: David M. Thompson
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Citation for this treatment: David M. Thompson 2016. Mimulus cardinalis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33575, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 29, 2016.


Mimulus cardinalis
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© 2011 Neal Kramer
Mimulus cardinalis
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© 2001 Steve Schoenig
Mimulus cardinalis
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© 2001 Steve Schoenig
Mimulus cardinalis
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© 2001 Steve Schoenig
Mimulus cardinalis
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© 2011 Aaron Schusteff
Mimulus cardinalis
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© 2005 George W. Hartwell

More photos of Mimulus cardinalis in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Mimulus cardinalis:
CA-FP, W&I, DMtns (Panamint Range);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.